Proteomics Improves the Prediction of Burns Mortality: Results from Regression Spline Modeling

Celeste Finnerty, Hyunsu Ju, Heidi Spratt, Sundar Victor, Marc G. Jeschke, Sachin Hegde, Suresh Bhavnani, Bruce A. Luxon, Allan R. Brasier, David Herndon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prediction of mortality in severely burned patients remains unreliable. Although clinical covariates and plasma protein abundance have been used with varying degrees of success, the triad of burn size, inhalation injury, and age remains the most reliable predictor. We investigated the effect of combining proteomics variables with these three clinical covariates on prediction of mortality in burned children. Serum samples were collected from 330 burned children (burns covering >25% of the total body surface area) between admission and the time of the first operation for clinical chemistry analyses and proteomic assays of cytokines. Principal component analysis revealed that serum protein abundance and the clinical covariates each provided independent information regarding patient survival. To determine whether combining proteomics with clinical variables improves prediction of patient mortality, we used multivariate adaptive regression splines, because the relationships between analytes and mortality were not linear. Combining these factors increased overall outcome prediction accuracy from 52% to 81% and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve from 0.82 to 0.95. Thus, the predictive accuracy of burns mortality is substantially improved by combining protein abundance information with clinical covariates in a multivariate adaptive regression splines classifier, a model currently being validated in a prospective study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Translational Science
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

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Keywords

  • Cytokines
  • Mortality
  • Pediatrics
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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