Psychiatric Disease and Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury

Dennis J. Zgaljardic, Gary S. Seale, Lynn A. Schaefer, Richard O. Temple, Jack Foreman, Timothy R. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychiatric disorders are common following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can include depression, anxiety, and psychosis, as well as other maladaptive behaviors and personality changes. The epidemiologic data of psychiatric disorders post-TBI vary widely, although the incidence and prevalence rates typically are higher than in the general population. Although the experience of psychiatric symptoms may be temporary and may resolve in the acute period, many patients with TBI can experience psychopathology that is persistent or that develops in the post-acute period. Long-term psychiatric disorder, along with cognitive and physical sequelae and greater risk for substance use disorders, can pose a number of life-long challenges for patients and their caregivers, as they can interfere with participation in rehabilitation as well as limit functional independence in the community. The current review of the literature considers the common psychiatric problems affecting individuals with TBI in the post-acute period, including personality changes, psychosis, executive dysfunction, depression, anxiety, and substance misuse. Although treatment considerations (pharmacological and nonpharmacological) are referred to, an extensive description of such protocols is beyond the scope of the current review. The impact of persistent psychiatric symptoms on perceived caregiver burden and distress is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1911-1925
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume32
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Brain Injuries
Psychiatry
Psychotic Disorders
Caregivers
Personality
Anxiety
Depression
Psychopathology
Substance-Related Disorders
Traumatic Brain Injury
Rehabilitation
Pharmacology
Incidence
Population

Keywords

  • caregiver distress
  • maladaptive behaviors
  • mood disorder
  • TBI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Zgaljardic, D. J., Seale, G. S., Schaefer, L. A., Temple, R. O., Foreman, J., & Elliott, T. R. (2015). Psychiatric Disease and Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 32(23), 1911-1925. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2014.3569

Psychiatric Disease and Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury. / Zgaljardic, Dennis J.; Seale, Gary S.; Schaefer, Lynn A.; Temple, Richard O.; Foreman, Jack; Elliott, Timothy R.

In: Journal of Neurotrauma, Vol. 32, No. 23, 01.12.2015, p. 1911-1925.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Zgaljardic, DJ, Seale, GS, Schaefer, LA, Temple, RO, Foreman, J & Elliott, TR 2015, 'Psychiatric Disease and Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury', Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 32, no. 23, pp. 1911-1925. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2014.3569
Zgaljardic DJ, Seale GS, Schaefer LA, Temple RO, Foreman J, Elliott TR. Psychiatric Disease and Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of Neurotrauma. 2015 Dec 1;32(23):1911-1925. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2014.3569
Zgaljardic, Dennis J. ; Seale, Gary S. ; Schaefer, Lynn A. ; Temple, Richard O. ; Foreman, Jack ; Elliott, Timothy R. / Psychiatric Disease and Post-Acute Traumatic Brain Injury. In: Journal of Neurotrauma. 2015 ; Vol. 32, No. 23. pp. 1911-1925.
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