Psychology and culture during long-duration space missions

N. Kanas, G. Sandal, J. E. Boyd, V. I. Gushin, D. Manzey, R. North, G. R. Leon, P. Suedfeld, S. Bishop, E. R. Fiedler, N. Inoue, B. Johannes, D. J. Kealey, N. Kraft, I. Matsuzaki, D. Musson, L. A. Palinkas, V. P. Salnitskiy, W. Sipes, J. StusterJ. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

171 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this paper is twofold: (a) to review the current knowledge of cultural, psychological, psychiatric, cognitive, interpersonal, and organizational issues that are relevant to the behavior and performance of astronaut crews and ground support personnel and (b) to make recommendations for future human space missions, including both transit and planetary surface operations involving the Moon or Mars. The focus will be on long-duration missions lasting at least six weeks, when important psychological and interpersonal factors begin to take their toll on crewmembers. This information is designed to provide guidelines for astronaut selection and training, in-flight monitoring and support, and post-flight recovery and re-adaptation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-677
Number of pages19
JournalActa Astronautica
Volume64
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Culture
  • Long-duration space missions
  • Psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

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