Psychology and culture during long-duration space missions

N. Kanas, G. Sandal, J. E. Boyd, V. I. Gushin, D. Manzey, R. North, G. R. Leon, P. Suedfeld, S. Bishop, E. R. Fiedler, N. Inoue, B. Johannes, D. J. Kealey, N. Kraft, I. Matsuzaki, D. Musson, L. A. Palinkas, V. P. Salnitskiy, W. Sipes, J. StusterJ. Wang

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    161 Scopus citations


    The objective of this paper is twofold: (a) to review the current knowledge of cultural, psychological, psychiatric, cognitive, interpersonal, and organizational issues that are relevant to the behavior and performance of astronaut crews and ground support personnel and (b) to make recommendations for future human space missions, including both transit and planetary surface operations involving the Moon or Mars. The focus will be on long-duration missions lasting at least six weeks, when important psychological and interpersonal factors begin to take their toll on crewmembers. This information is designed to provide guidelines for astronaut selection and training, in-flight monitoring and support, and post-flight recovery and re-adaptation.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)659-677
    Number of pages19
    JournalActa Astronautica
    Issue number7-8
    StatePublished - 2009


    • Culture
    • Long-duration space missions
    • Psychology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Aerospace Engineering


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