Pulmonary mycobacterium abscessus in an AIDS patient

Jeana Benwill, Michael Babineaux, Juan Sarria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycobacterium abscessus is an unusual pathogen in HIV/AIDS patients. We report a case of M abscessus with review of the literature, which revealed 1 confirmed case in an HIV/AIDS patient. Preliminary diagnosis was presumed to be pulmonary tuberculosis secondary to positive acid-fast bacilli in sputum stain. After initial treatment failure, sputum stains were repeated, and the species was identified; therefore the antibiotic regimen was tailored for M abscessus. Early recognition and treatment of nontuberculous mycobacteria is vital in the reduction of complications and mortality in HIV/AIDS patients. M abscessus is a highly virulent and should be considered as a potential offending pathogen on differential diagnosis in an immunocompromised host.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-496
Number of pages2
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume339
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

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Keywords

  • Acquired mmunodeficiency syndrome
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Mycobacterium abscessus
  • Nontuberculous mycobacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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