Purification and characterization of rat hepatic microsomal low molecular weight fatty acid ethyl ester synthase and its relationship to carboxylesterases

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Abstract

We reported purification of a high molecular weight (HMW) (ca. 180 kD) and a low molecular weight (LMW) (ca. 60 kD) protein fractions from digitonized rat liver microsomes using ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange and gel filtration column chromatography. Both fractions expressed fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) synthase as well as p-nitrophenyl acetate (PNPA)-hydrolyzing (esterase) activities. The HMW fraction was found to be a trimer with subunit molecular weight ca. 60 kD and structurally and functionally similar to rat hepatic microsomal carboxylesterase (CE, pI 6.1) and adipose tissue FAEE synthase. In this article, we report further purification and characterization of the LMW (minor) fraction expressing FAEE synthase activity and its structural and functional relationship to hepatic microsomal CEs. Using isoelectric focusing (IEF) followed by gel filtration-high-performance liquid chromatography (GF-HPLC), five proteins were purified, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. The isoelectric point values of 6.5, 5.8, 5.6, 5.3, and 5.0 were found for the purified LMW proteins by IEF and each showed a peak corresponding to ca. 60 kD molecular weight by GF-HPLC, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel elecrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of the GF-HPLC purified LMW proteins revealed that these proteins are monomers (ca. 60 kD). All the purified LMW proteins cross-reacted with antibodies to rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase. Coelution of PNPA-hydrolyzing and FAEE synthase activity at each step of purification and cross-reactivity with rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase antibodies suggest that the purified proteins are related to various hepatic microsomal CEs. This conclusion is further supported by the homology of N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified LMW proteins to various hepatic microsomal CEs and protease precursors. Therefore, LMW FAEE synthase activity most probably is expressed by various isozymes of hepatic microsomal CEs, which are also involved in the biotransformation of xenobiotic alcohols and amines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases
Purification
Rats
Molecular Weight
Molecular weight
Liver
Gel Chromatography
High performance liquid chromatography
Proteins
Gels
Adipose Tissue
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Isoelectric Focusing
Tissue
fatty acyl ethyl ester synthase
Acetylesterase
Carboxylesterase
Column chromatography
Antibodies
Ion Exchange

Keywords

  • Carboxylesterase
  • FAEE synthase
  • Nonoxidative metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "Purification and characterization of rat hepatic microsomal low molecular weight fatty acid ethyl ester synthase and its relationship to carboxylesterases",
abstract = "We reported purification of a high molecular weight (HMW) (ca. 180 kD) and a low molecular weight (LMW) (ca. 60 kD) protein fractions from digitonized rat liver microsomes using ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange and gel filtration column chromatography. Both fractions expressed fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) synthase as well as p-nitrophenyl acetate (PNPA)-hydrolyzing (esterase) activities. The HMW fraction was found to be a trimer with subunit molecular weight ca. 60 kD and structurally and functionally similar to rat hepatic microsomal carboxylesterase (CE, pI 6.1) and adipose tissue FAEE synthase. In this article, we report further purification and characterization of the LMW (minor) fraction expressing FAEE synthase activity and its structural and functional relationship to hepatic microsomal CEs. Using isoelectric focusing (IEF) followed by gel filtration-high-performance liquid chromatography (GF-HPLC), five proteins were purified, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. The isoelectric point values of 6.5, 5.8, 5.6, 5.3, and 5.0 were found for the purified LMW proteins by IEF and each showed a peak corresponding to ca. 60 kD molecular weight by GF-HPLC, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel elecrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of the GF-HPLC purified LMW proteins revealed that these proteins are monomers (ca. 60 kD). All the purified LMW proteins cross-reacted with antibodies to rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase. Coelution of PNPA-hydrolyzing and FAEE synthase activity at each step of purification and cross-reactivity with rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase antibodies suggest that the purified proteins are related to various hepatic microsomal CEs. This conclusion is further supported by the homology of N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified LMW proteins to various hepatic microsomal CEs and protease precursors. Therefore, LMW FAEE synthase activity most probably is expressed by various isozymes of hepatic microsomal CEs, which are also involved in the biotransformation of xenobiotic alcohols and amines.",
keywords = "Carboxylesterase, FAEE synthase, Nonoxidative metabolism",
author = "Bhupendra Kaphalia and Ghulam Ansari",
year = "2001",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Purification and characterization of rat hepatic microsomal low molecular weight fatty acid ethyl ester synthase and its relationship to carboxylesterases

AU - Kaphalia, Bhupendra

AU - Ansari, Ghulam

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - We reported purification of a high molecular weight (HMW) (ca. 180 kD) and a low molecular weight (LMW) (ca. 60 kD) protein fractions from digitonized rat liver microsomes using ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange and gel filtration column chromatography. Both fractions expressed fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) synthase as well as p-nitrophenyl acetate (PNPA)-hydrolyzing (esterase) activities. The HMW fraction was found to be a trimer with subunit molecular weight ca. 60 kD and structurally and functionally similar to rat hepatic microsomal carboxylesterase (CE, pI 6.1) and adipose tissue FAEE synthase. In this article, we report further purification and characterization of the LMW (minor) fraction expressing FAEE synthase activity and its structural and functional relationship to hepatic microsomal CEs. Using isoelectric focusing (IEF) followed by gel filtration-high-performance liquid chromatography (GF-HPLC), five proteins were purified, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. The isoelectric point values of 6.5, 5.8, 5.6, 5.3, and 5.0 were found for the purified LMW proteins by IEF and each showed a peak corresponding to ca. 60 kD molecular weight by GF-HPLC, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel elecrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of the GF-HPLC purified LMW proteins revealed that these proteins are monomers (ca. 60 kD). All the purified LMW proteins cross-reacted with antibodies to rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase. Coelution of PNPA-hydrolyzing and FAEE synthase activity at each step of purification and cross-reactivity with rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase antibodies suggest that the purified proteins are related to various hepatic microsomal CEs. This conclusion is further supported by the homology of N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified LMW proteins to various hepatic microsomal CEs and protease precursors. Therefore, LMW FAEE synthase activity most probably is expressed by various isozymes of hepatic microsomal CEs, which are also involved in the biotransformation of xenobiotic alcohols and amines.

AB - We reported purification of a high molecular weight (HMW) (ca. 180 kD) and a low molecular weight (LMW) (ca. 60 kD) protein fractions from digitonized rat liver microsomes using ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange and gel filtration column chromatography. Both fractions expressed fatty acid ethyl ester (FAEE) synthase as well as p-nitrophenyl acetate (PNPA)-hydrolyzing (esterase) activities. The HMW fraction was found to be a trimer with subunit molecular weight ca. 60 kD and structurally and functionally similar to rat hepatic microsomal carboxylesterase (CE, pI 6.1) and adipose tissue FAEE synthase. In this article, we report further purification and characterization of the LMW (minor) fraction expressing FAEE synthase activity and its structural and functional relationship to hepatic microsomal CEs. Using isoelectric focusing (IEF) followed by gel filtration-high-performance liquid chromatography (GF-HPLC), five proteins were purified, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. The isoelectric point values of 6.5, 5.8, 5.6, 5.3, and 5.0 were found for the purified LMW proteins by IEF and each showed a peak corresponding to ca. 60 kD molecular weight by GF-HPLC, which expressed FAEE synthase as well as PNPA-hydrolyzing activity. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel elecrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of the GF-HPLC purified LMW proteins revealed that these proteins are monomers (ca. 60 kD). All the purified LMW proteins cross-reacted with antibodies to rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase. Coelution of PNPA-hydrolyzing and FAEE synthase activity at each step of purification and cross-reactivity with rat adipose tissue FAEE synthase antibodies suggest that the purified proteins are related to various hepatic microsomal CEs. This conclusion is further supported by the homology of N-terminal amino acid sequence of the purified LMW proteins to various hepatic microsomal CEs and protease precursors. Therefore, LMW FAEE synthase activity most probably is expressed by various isozymes of hepatic microsomal CEs, which are also involved in the biotransformation of xenobiotic alcohols and amines.

KW - Carboxylesterase

KW - FAEE synthase

KW - Nonoxidative metabolism

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