Quality of life and anxiety in children and adolescents in residential treatment facilities

Arielle D. Molinari, Jessica L. Andrews, Brian A. Zaboski, Brian Kay, Rebecca Hamblin, Alexandra Gilbert, Amaya Ramos, Bradley C. Riemann, Stephanie Eken, Joshua M. Nadeau, Eric A. Storch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anxiety-related impairment among youth in residential treatment facilities is common, but quality of life (QOL) among this intensive, treatment-seeking population remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that decrease QOL among children/youth with severe anxiety disorders. Specifically, this research studied whether comorbid depression would negatively impact QOL and whether depression would predict QOL above and beyond the effects of anxiety. Depression symptomology as a potential moderator variable for QOL was also analyzed, as well as the effect of multimodal treatment on QOL. Analyses revealed that parent- and child-rated measures had different predictive utility when investigating QOL, but that depression predicted poorer QOL than anxiety. No moderation effect for depression was found. Lastly, multimodal treatment was effective in improving quality of life (d = 1.30) for treatment responders. Clinical and research implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalResidential Treatment for Children and Youth
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • anxiety
  • cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • depression
  • quality of life
  • Residential treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Law

Cite this

Molinari, A. D., Andrews, J. L., Zaboski, B. A., Kay, B., Hamblin, R., Gilbert, A., Ramos, A., Riemann, B. C., Eken, S., Nadeau, J. M., & Storch, E. A. (2019). Quality of life and anxiety in children and adolescents in residential treatment facilities. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth. https://doi.org/10.1080/0886571X.2018.1476201