Quick Response codes for surgical safety: A prospective pilot study

Jennifer L. Dixon, William Roy Smythe, Lara S. Momsen, Daniel Jupiter, Harry T. Papaconstantinou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Surgical safety programs have been shown to reduce patient harm; however, there is variable compliance. The purpose of this study is to determine if innovative technology such as Quick Response (QR) codes can facilitate surgical safety initiatives. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the use of QR codes during the surgical time-out for 40 operations. Feasibility and accuracy were assessed. Perceptions of the current time-out process and the QR code application were evaluated through surveys using a 5-point Likert scale and binomial yes or no questions. Results: At baseline (n = 53), survey results from the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the current time-out process was efficient (64%), easy to use (77%), and provided clear information (89%). However, 65% of surgeons felt that process improvements were needed. Thirty-seven of 40 (92.5%) QR codes scanned successfully, of which 100% were accurate. Three scan failures resulted from excessive curvature or wrinkling of the QR code label on the body. Follow-up survey results (n = 33) showed that the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the QR program was clearer (70%), easier to use (57%), and more accurate (84%). Seventy-four percent preferred the QR system to the current time-out process. Conclusions: QR codes accurately transmit patient information during the time-out procedure and are preferred to the current process by surgical team members. The novel application of this technology may improve compliance, accuracy, and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-163
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume184
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Prospective Studies
Safety
Compliance
Time Perception
Patient Harm
Technology
Surveys and Questionnaires
Surgeons
Healthcare Time Out

Keywords

  • Health services
  • Innovation
  • Outcomes
  • Patient safety
  • Quick Response codes
  • Surgical safety checklist
  • Technology
  • Time-out

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Quick Response codes for surgical safety : A prospective pilot study. / Dixon, Jennifer L.; Smythe, William Roy; Momsen, Lara S.; Jupiter, Daniel; Papaconstantinou, Harry T.

In: Journal of Surgical Research, Vol. 184, No. 1, 2013, p. 157-163.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dixon, JL, Smythe, WR, Momsen, LS, Jupiter, D & Papaconstantinou, HT 2013, 'Quick Response codes for surgical safety: A prospective pilot study', Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 184, no. 1, pp. 157-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2013.06.036
Dixon, Jennifer L. ; Smythe, William Roy ; Momsen, Lara S. ; Jupiter, Daniel ; Papaconstantinou, Harry T. / Quick Response codes for surgical safety : A prospective pilot study. In: Journal of Surgical Research. 2013 ; Vol. 184, No. 1. pp. 157-163.
@article{714721c0d2a941b0ab38c6ce196267eb,
title = "Quick Response codes for surgical safety: A prospective pilot study",
abstract = "Background: Surgical safety programs have been shown to reduce patient harm; however, there is variable compliance. The purpose of this study is to determine if innovative technology such as Quick Response (QR) codes can facilitate surgical safety initiatives. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the use of QR codes during the surgical time-out for 40 operations. Feasibility and accuracy were assessed. Perceptions of the current time-out process and the QR code application were evaluated through surveys using a 5-point Likert scale and binomial yes or no questions. Results: At baseline (n = 53), survey results from the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the current time-out process was efficient (64{\%}), easy to use (77{\%}), and provided clear information (89{\%}). However, 65{\%} of surgeons felt that process improvements were needed. Thirty-seven of 40 (92.5{\%}) QR codes scanned successfully, of which 100{\%} were accurate. Three scan failures resulted from excessive curvature or wrinkling of the QR code label on the body. Follow-up survey results (n = 33) showed that the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the QR program was clearer (70{\%}), easier to use (57{\%}), and more accurate (84{\%}). Seventy-four percent preferred the QR system to the current time-out process. Conclusions: QR codes accurately transmit patient information during the time-out procedure and are preferred to the current process by surgical team members. The novel application of this technology may improve compliance, accuracy, and outcomes.",
keywords = "Health services, Innovation, Outcomes, Patient safety, Quick Response codes, Surgical safety checklist, Technology, Time-out",
author = "Dixon, {Jennifer L.} and Smythe, {William Roy} and Momsen, {Lara S.} and Daniel Jupiter and Papaconstantinou, {Harry T.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.jss.2013.06.036",
language = "English",
volume = "184",
pages = "157--163",
journal = "Journal of Surgical Research",
issn = "0022-4804",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quick Response codes for surgical safety

T2 - A prospective pilot study

AU - Dixon, Jennifer L.

AU - Smythe, William Roy

AU - Momsen, Lara S.

AU - Jupiter, Daniel

AU - Papaconstantinou, Harry T.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Background: Surgical safety programs have been shown to reduce patient harm; however, there is variable compliance. The purpose of this study is to determine if innovative technology such as Quick Response (QR) codes can facilitate surgical safety initiatives. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the use of QR codes during the surgical time-out for 40 operations. Feasibility and accuracy were assessed. Perceptions of the current time-out process and the QR code application were evaluated through surveys using a 5-point Likert scale and binomial yes or no questions. Results: At baseline (n = 53), survey results from the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the current time-out process was efficient (64%), easy to use (77%), and provided clear information (89%). However, 65% of surgeons felt that process improvements were needed. Thirty-seven of 40 (92.5%) QR codes scanned successfully, of which 100% were accurate. Three scan failures resulted from excessive curvature or wrinkling of the QR code label on the body. Follow-up survey results (n = 33) showed that the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the QR program was clearer (70%), easier to use (57%), and more accurate (84%). Seventy-four percent preferred the QR system to the current time-out process. Conclusions: QR codes accurately transmit patient information during the time-out procedure and are preferred to the current process by surgical team members. The novel application of this technology may improve compliance, accuracy, and outcomes.

AB - Background: Surgical safety programs have been shown to reduce patient harm; however, there is variable compliance. The purpose of this study is to determine if innovative technology such as Quick Response (QR) codes can facilitate surgical safety initiatives. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the use of QR codes during the surgical time-out for 40 operations. Feasibility and accuracy were assessed. Perceptions of the current time-out process and the QR code application were evaluated through surveys using a 5-point Likert scale and binomial yes or no questions. Results: At baseline (n = 53), survey results from the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the current time-out process was efficient (64%), easy to use (77%), and provided clear information (89%). However, 65% of surgeons felt that process improvements were needed. Thirty-seven of 40 (92.5%) QR codes scanned successfully, of which 100% were accurate. Three scan failures resulted from excessive curvature or wrinkling of the QR code label on the body. Follow-up survey results (n = 33) showed that the surgical team agreed or strongly agreed that the QR program was clearer (70%), easier to use (57%), and more accurate (84%). Seventy-four percent preferred the QR system to the current time-out process. Conclusions: QR codes accurately transmit patient information during the time-out procedure and are preferred to the current process by surgical team members. The novel application of this technology may improve compliance, accuracy, and outcomes.

KW - Health services

KW - Innovation

KW - Outcomes

KW - Patient safety

KW - Quick Response codes

KW - Surgical safety checklist

KW - Technology

KW - Time-out

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884674903&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884674903&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jss.2013.06.036

DO - 10.1016/j.jss.2013.06.036

M3 - Article

C2 - 23907012

AN - SCOPUS:84884674903

VL - 184

SP - 157

EP - 163

JO - Journal of Surgical Research

JF - Journal of Surgical Research

SN - 0022-4804

IS - 1

ER -