Rabi Rashidi (Rashidi Quarters): A late thirteen to early fourteenth century Middle Eastern Medical School

Abbasnejad Feridoon Abbasnejad, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Paul S. Agutter, Farid Alakbarli, Marios Loukas, Ghaffar Shokouhi, Majid Khalili, R. Shane Tubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Introduction Following the Mongolian invasion of the Middle East in the thirteenth century, a regional power called the Ilkhanid emerged and was ruled by the heirs of Temujin from Mongolia. Embracing present-day Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, areas of Russia, Turkey, and Pakistan, and nearby Middle Eastern territories, the Ilkhanid state patronized medicine and various other professions. Centered in Tabriz (Tauris), a city in the northwest of present-day Iran, was a non-profit-making educational and medical complex founded by Grand Minister Rashid al-Din Fazlollah Hamadani Methods This paper reviews the literature regarding the rise and fall of the thirteenth century university and the Rabi Rashidi, emphasizing the structure of its medical school. Conclusions The background training of Rashid al-Din and his keen interest in science turned this complex, Rabi Rashidi (literally meaning the Rashidi Quarters), into a cosmopolitan university that freely trained medical scholars nationally and internationally. The possibility that Rashid al-Din was inspired by university developments in Europe is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1823-1830
Number of pages8
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • History
  • Medicine
  • Medieval
  • University

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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