Influence de l'ethnicité sur la distribution du tissu adipeux et le profil lipidique du sérum

Translated title of the contribution: Racial differences in the association between body fat distribution and lipid profiles among reproductive-age women

G. M M Hosain, M. Rahman, K. J. Williams, Abbey Berenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the racial and ethnic differences in the relationship between body fat distribution variables and serum lipid profiles. Methods: Secondary data analyses were conducted on 708 healthy women (204 blacks, 247 whites and 257 Hispanics), aged 16-33 years, seen in an outpatients clinic for contraception. Pearson correlation and multivariable linear regression techniques were used to identify racial/ethnic differences in the relationship between lipid profiles and body fat after adjusting for lean mass as well as demographic and lifestyle variables. Results: All body fat distribution variables were significantly associated with total cholesterol (TC) (r=0.14 to 0.26), triglycerides (TG) (r=0.13 to 0.46), HDL cholesterol (r=-0.13 to -0.34), cholesterol-to-HDL ratio (r=0.20 to 0.50) and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) (r=0.16 to 0.49). Significant racial/ethnic differences were observed in many associations. After adjusting for lean mass, and other demographic and lifestyle factors, the study showed that black women demonstrated significantly weaker associations than their white and Hispanic counterparts using multivariable linear regression procedures. Conclusion: The relationship between lipid profiles and body fat distribution variables varies by race/ethnicity in reproductive-age women. A better understanding of these racial/ethnic differences has important implications for clinical and public-health efforts in targeting the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)278-285
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010

Fingerprint

Body Fat Distribution
Lipids
Hispanic Americans
HDL Cholesterol
Life Style
Linear Models
Demography
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Contraception
Adipose Tissue
Triglycerides
Cardiovascular Diseases
Public Health
Cholesterol
Serum

Keywords

  • Body fat distribution
  • Lipid levels
  • Race
  • Reproductive-age
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Influence de l'ethnicité sur la distribution du tissu adipeux et le profil lipidique du sérum. / Hosain, G. M M; Rahman, M.; Williams, K. J.; Berenson, Abbey.

In: Diabetes and Metabolism, Vol. 36, No. 4, 09.2010, p. 278-285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hosain, G. M M ; Rahman, M. ; Williams, K. J. ; Berenson, Abbey. / Influence de l'ethnicité sur la distribution du tissu adipeux et le profil lipidique du sérum. In: Diabetes and Metabolism. 2010 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 278-285.
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