The shift from plant to mammalian cell models in radiation cytogenetics hastened the development of methods suitable for the analysis of chromosome-type aberrations. These included methods to detect interchanges that take place between different chromosomes (dicentrics and translocations), and intrachanges occurring within a given chromosome (rings, interstitial deletions and inversions). In this review we consider the relationship between chromosome-type interchanges and intrachanges in response to changes in ionization density (linear energy transfer; LET). In that context, we discuss advantages and disadvantages of more modern methods used to measure intrachanges, and the implications that their increased resolution of measurement may have on the inter-to-intrachange fraction (i.e., the F-ratio). We conclude that the premise of the F-ratio is supported by its biophysical assumptions, but its intended use as an LET-dependent measure of prior radiation exposure is hampered mainly by our inability to accurately assess, on a cell-by-cell basis, inversions and interstitial deletions whose small sizes are below the detection limits of conventional cytogenetic techniques.
|Number of pages
|Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
|Published - Dec 2018
- Chromosome aberrations
- Ionizing radiation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis