Radiographic findings in late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia

UHelpful imaging findings

Sofia Muzzafar, Leonard E. Swischuk, Siddharth P. Jadhav

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Imaging findings in delayed presentation of congenital diaphragmatic hernia can be confusing and misleading, resulting in a delay in diagnosis. Objective To evaluate the often puzzling plain film findings of late-presenting CDH in an effort to determine whether any of the findings could be helpful in arriving at an early diagnosis. Material and methods We reviewed and documented the plain film findings and clinical data in eight patients seen during the last 20 years with late-presenting CDH. IRB exempt status was obtained in this study. Results There were five boys and three girls. The age range was 4 months to 12 years with a mean of 2.4 years. Five children presented with acute respiratory problems while three presented with acute abdominal pain. Two children presented with both respiratory and abdominal findings and one also presented with hematemesis. Two children had radiographic findings that were not difficult to analyze while the remaining six had findings that posed initial diagnostic problems. Conclusion Although not common, late-presenting CDH can result in confusing plain film radiographic findings and a delay in diagnosis. We found that the most important finding in analyzing these radiographs is in evaluating the location and position of the gastric bubble with the more common left-side hernias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

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Motion Pictures
Gastric Balloon
Hematemesis
X-Ray Film
Research Ethics Committees
Acute Pain
Hernia
Abdominal Pain
Early Diagnosis
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernias

Keywords

  • Children
  • Delayed presentation
  • Diaphragmatic hernia
  • Gastric bubble
  • Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Radiographic findings in late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia : UHelpful imaging findings. / Muzzafar, Sofia; Swischuk, Leonard E.; Jadhav, Siddharth P.

In: Pediatric Radiology, Vol. 42, No. 3, 03.2012, p. 337-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muzzafar, Sofia ; Swischuk, Leonard E. ; Jadhav, Siddharth P. / Radiographic findings in late-presenting congenital diaphragmatic hernia : UHelpful imaging findings. In: Pediatric Radiology. 2012 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 337-342.
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