Purpose: Using published FISH data for chromosome aberration production in human fibroblasts by hard X-rays to test a breakage-and-reunion model. Methods: The model assumed pairwise misrejoining, random apart from proximity effects, of DNA double-strand break (DSB) free ends. CAS (chromosome aberration simulator) Monte Carlo computer software implementing the model was modified to use a distance algorithm for misrejoining instead of using DSB interaction sites. The modification (called CAS2) allowed a somewhat more realistic approach to large-scale chromatin geometry, chromosome territories and proximity effects. It required adding a third adjustable parameter, the chromosome territory intersection factor, quantifying the amount of intertwining among different chromosomes. Results: CAS2 gave somewhat better results than CAS. A reasonable fit with a few discrepancies was obtained for the frequencies at three different radiation doses of many different aberration types and of aberrations involving various specific chromosomes in a large data set using one-paint FISH scoring. The optimal average chromosome territory intersection factor was ~ 1.1, indicating that, for an arbitrarily chosen location in the nucleus, on average slightly more than two chromosomes have very nearby loci. Without changing the three parameter values, a fit was also obtained for a corresponding, smaller, two-paint data set. Conclusions: A random breakage-and-reunion model incorporating proximity effects by using a distance algorithm gave acceptable approximations for many details of hard X-ray aberration patterns. However, enough discrepancies were found that the possibility of an additional or alternate formation mechanism remains.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging