Rates of refracture associated with external fixation in pediatric femur fractures.

Kelly D. Carmichael, James Bynum, Nicholas Goucher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


We conducted a small retrospective study of rates of early complications associated with external fixation of pediatric femur fractures and compared rates at our institution with those reported in the literature. In our series of 22 patients, early complications included 12 pin-track infections (54.5%), 2 cases of loss of reduction (9.1%), 1 pin-track abscess (4.5%), and 1 refracture (4.5%). Overall rates (ours combined with those reported by other investigators) were 4.7% (34/719) for refractures and 33.1% (224/677) for pin-track infections. Factors that correlated with refractures were open fracture, bilateral fracture, and longer time in fixator. Factors with inconclusive correlations were fracture pattern, dynamization status, fixator type, pin size, and number of pins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-444; discussion 444
JournalAmerican journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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