Receptor‐mediated autocrine growth‐stimulatory effect of 5‐hydroxytryptamine on cultured human pancreatic carcinoid cells

Jin Ishizuka, R. Daniel Beauchamp, Courtney M. Townsend, George H. Greeley, James C. Thompson

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Abstract

5‐hydroxytryptamine (5‐HT) is a mitogen for fibroblasts, vascular smooth muscle cells, renal mesangial cells, and jejunal crypt cells. The human carcinoid cell line (termed BON) that we established in our laboratory from a pancreatic carcinoid tumor produces and secretes 5‐HT. In this study, therefore, we examined the effect of 5‐HT on growth of BON cells. Furthermore, by use of selective 5‐HT receptor antagonists, we examined receptor and post‐receptor mechanisms by which 5‐HT‐induced responses were produced. 5‐HT stimulated growth of BON cells. 5‐HT stimulated phosphatidylinositol (PI) hydrolysis in a dose‐dependent fashion and inhibited cyclic AMP production in a dose‐dependent fashion. The 5‐HT1A/1B receptor antagonist, SDZ 21–009, prevented the reduction of cyclic AMP production evoked by 5‐HT and inhibited the mitogenic action of 5‐HT. The 5‐HT1C/2 receptor antagonist, mesulergine, competitively inhibited PI hydrolysis, but did not affect the mitogenic action of 5‐HT. The mitogenic action of 5‐HT and the reduction of cyclic AMP production evoked by 5‐HT were also inhibited by pertussis toxin. These results suggest that 5‐HT is an autocrine growth factor for BON cells and that mitogenic mechanism of 5‐HT involves receptor‐mediated toxin‐sensitive GTP binding protein. 8‐bromo‐cyclic AMP inhibited growth of BON cells whereas 8‐bromo‐cyclic GMP had no effect on cell growth. Involvement of protein kinase A in BON cell growth regulation was confirmed by the observation that a cAMP‐dependent protein kinase antagonist (Rp‐cAMPS) could stimulate BON cell growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume150
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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