The long-term results of full-thickness (N = 11) and split-thickness (N = 14) skin grafts for reconstitution of the palmar surface following release of palmar burn scar contractures in pediatric patients are compared. Patients treated with full-thickness skin grafts required 1.2 ± 0.4 operations (mean ± SD). Patients treated with split-thickness skin grafts required 1.3 ± 0.6 operations (mean ± SD). No significant difference in the number of operative procedures was noted. No functional difference existed between the two groups. The use of split-thickness skin grafts provided comparable function without increased operative procedures and was less deforming. Increased use of split-thickness skin grafts following release of palmar burn scar contractures in pediatric patients should be considered.
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