Objective: To examine recovery of functional status for white, black, and Hispanic patients who have had a stroke from the time of admission to inpatient medical rehabilitation to 12 months after discharge. Design: A longitudinal study that used information from the Stroke Recovery in Underserved Population database, a prospective observational study of persons with stroke who received inpatient medical rehabilitation services during 2005-2006. Setting: Eleven inpatient rehabilitation facilities located across diverse regions of the United States, including California, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, New Jersey, New York (2), Texas (2), and Washington, DC. Participants: A total of 990 adults aged 55 years or older who had a stroke and were admitted to 1 of 11 inpatient medical rehabilitation facilities in the United States were interviewed at 4 time points, including admission to and discharge from an inpatient medical rehabilitation facility and 3 and 12 months after discharge. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measure: Functional status as measured by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). Results: For the total sample, FIM ratings increased from admission to discharge and from discharge to 3-month follow-up, with little recovery occurring between 3 and 12 months. In random effects mixed models, at 3-month follow-up, both black and Hispanic patients had lower FIM ratings than did white patients. At 12-month follow-up, black and white patients were similar; however, Hispanic patients continued to have lower FIM ratings compare with white patients. Racial/ethnic group, age, length of stay, and medical comorbidities were significant predictors of total FIM ratings over the 4 time points. Conclusions: Persons 55 years and older who have had a stroke, regardless of race/ethnicity, appear to benefit from inpatient medical rehabilitation. Most functional status gains occur during inpatient medical rehabilitation and continue in the first few months after discharge, with little change afterward.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Clinical Neurology