Background: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) and the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) may be used to evaluate outcomes for uncommon conditions such as rectourethral fistulas (RUFs). We sought to review cases of RUFs and compare variables from both registries to evaluate disparities among reported data. Methods: Review of NSQIP (2005-2013) and NIS (2006-2011) of all patients with a RUF or RUF repair based on . ICD-9-CM or CPT coding. Results: The NSQIP and NIS data sets were compared based on . International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis coding for a RUF (599.1; American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program: n = 286, NIS: n = 2,357). Comorbidities varied between data sets, and in-hospital morbidity in RUF cases was greater in the NIS vs NSQIP data sets (48% vs 11%; . P < .01). Further analysis identified similar outcomes when cases of a RUF that underwent an operation were compared in the NSQIP (n = 284) and NIS (n = 274) database. Conclusions: This study represents the largest cohort of RUF cases and characterizes how using variables from both databases better elucidates details of this rare condition. These results exhibit how evaluating comparable metrics demonstrates inconsistencies between databases.
- Outcomes assessment
ASJC Scopus subject areas