Reducing hopelessness: The interation of enhancing and depressogenic attributional styles for positive and negative life events among youth psychiatric inpatients

Zachary R. Voelz, Gerald J. Haeffel, Thomas E. Joiner, Karen Dineen Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

A recovery model of depression (Needles & Abramson, 1990 Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 99, 156-165) proposes that depressed individuals who exhibit an enhancing attributional style for positive events (i.e. make stable, global attributions) will be more likely to regain hopefulness and, thereby, recover from depression when positive events occur. While only a few studies have directly tested this model among clinical and nonclinical adult samples, none have tested a clinical sample of children and adolescents. Furthermore, prior studies testing this model have failed to examine the interactive role of an 'enhancing attributional style' for positive events with a 'depressogenic attributional style' for negative events, as prescribed by the hopelessness theory of depression (Abramson, Metalsky, & Alloy, 1989 Psychological Review, 96, 358-372). The current study presents data demonstrating that depressogenic and enhancing attributional styles interact to predict differential decreases in hopelessness. Implications of these findings and suggestions for future research also are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1183-1198
Number of pages16
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2003

Keywords

  • Attributional style
  • Depression
  • Hopefulness
  • Hopelessness
  • Life events
  • Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Reducing hopelessness: The interation of enhancing and depressogenic attributional styles for positive and negative life events among youth psychiatric inpatients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this