Regional intramuscular pressure development and fatigue in the canine gastrocnemius muscle in situ

Bill T. Ameredes, Mark A. Provenzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations


Intramuscular pressure (P(IM)) was measured simultaneously in zones of the medial head of the gastrocnemius-plantaris muscle group (zone I, popliteal origin; zone II, central; zone III, near calcaneus tendon) to determine regional muscle mechanics during isometric tetanic contractions. Peak P(IM) averages were 586, 1,676, and 993 mmHg deep in zones I, II, and III and 170, 371, and 351 mmHg superficially in zones I, II, and III, respectively. During fatigue, loss of P(IM) across zones was greatest in zone III (-81%) and least in zone I (-60%) when whole muscle tension loss was - 49%. Recovery of P(IM) was greatest in zone III and least in zone II, achieving 86% and 67% of initial P(IM), respectively, when tension recovered to 89%. These data demonstrate that 1) regional mechanical performance can be measured as P(IM) within a whole muscle, 2) P(IM) is nonuniform within the canine gastrocnemius-plantaris muscle, being greatest in the deep central zone, and 3) fatigue and recovery of P(IM) are dissimilar across regions. These differences suggest distinct local effects that integrate to determine whole muscle mechanical capacity during and after intense exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1867-1876
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997
Externally publishedYes



  • Active tension
  • Blood flow
  • Muscle length
  • Passive tension
  • Preload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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