Analyses of CYP1A1 mRNA were used to monitor the responsiveness of murine hepatoma 1c1c7 and human monocytic U937 cells in different phases of the cell cycle to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Concentrations of TCDD capable of inducing CYP1A1 were not cytostatic to either cell line. Steady-state CYP1A1 mRNA contents were reduced (45-90%) in TCDD-treated cultures arrested in G2/M as a consequence of exposure to microtubule disrupters (Colcemid, estramustine, vinblastine) or the microtubule stabilizer Taxol, relative to TCDD-treated asynchronous 1c1c7 cultures. The accumulation of mRNAs corresponding to Nmo1, another TCDD-inducible gene of the Ah battery, was also reduced in TCDD-treated G2/M cultures. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analyses of CYP1A1 heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnRNA) revealed that Cyp1a1 transcription was suppressed in G2/M cells. This suppression reflected neither changes in the relative content of the proteins comprising the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) complex nor a suppression of AHR activation and translocation to the nucleus. Release of 1c1c7 cultures arrested in G2/M restored TCDD responsiveness. Centrifugal elutriation of TCDD-treated asynchronously growing U937 cells was used to prepare populations of cells in specific phases of the cell cycle. Within 3 h of TCDD exposure late G1/early S phase cells had CYP1A1 mRNA contents ∼1.4- and 3-fold higher than the contents of asynchronous/early G1 and G2/M cultures, respectively. These studies suggest that the transcriptional activation of members of the Ah battery by TCDD is cell cycle-dependent, and markedly suppressed in G2/M cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine