Regulation of IgG responses by helper and suppressor T cells activated by pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides

Gregg N. Milligan, Helen Braley-Mullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Type 2 antigens are usually unable to prime the helper T cells (TH) required for secondary IgG antibody responses. However, previous results from this laboratory indicated that low doses of the type 2 antigen polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) could activate T cells which provided help to PVP-primed B cells for the production of PVP-specific IgG antibody. Therefore, it was of interest to determine if other type 2 antigens may also be able to activate TH. Low doses of S19 or S3 (subimmunogenic for a primary IgM response) activated TH capable of providing help to S19- or S3-CRBC-primed B cells for a secondary IgG response. Higher doses of these antigens (optimally immunogenic for a primary IgM response) activated suppressor T cells (TS). Removal of these TS prior to transfer of T cells to recipient mice resulted in expression of TH function. Therefore, the preferential activation of TH versus TS was dependent on the dose of antigen used for priming. th activated by low doses of S19 expressed Thy 1 and L3T4 and were antigen specific. In contrast to the ability of low doses of PVP to prime B cells for secondary IgG responses, low doses of S3 and S19 did not prime capsular polysaccharide-specific IgG memory B cells. High doses of S3 were able to prime B cells if Ts precursors were first removed by treatment of mice with cyclophosphamide (Cy), whereas high doses of S19 did not prime B cells for secondary IgG responses in either Cy-treated or control mice. These results are discussed in relation to the general observations that type 2 antigens may not activate antigen-specific TH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-232
Number of pages11
JournalCellular Immunology
Volume119
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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