Regulation of Neurexin 1β Tertiary Structure and Ligand Binding through Alternative Splicing

Kaiser C. Shen, Dorota A. Kuczynska, Irene J. Wu, Beverly H. Murray, Lauren R. Sheckler, Gabby Rudenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurexins and neuroligins play an essential role in synapse function, and their alterations are linked to autistic spectrum disorder. Interactions between neurexins and neuroligins regulate inhibitory and excitatory synaptogenesis in vitro through a "splice-insert signaling code." In particular, neurexin 1β carrying an alternative splice insert at site SS#4 interacts with neuroligin 2 (found predominantly at inhibitory synapses) but much less so with other neuroligins (those carrying an insert at site B and prevalent at excitatory synapses). The structure of neurexin 1β+SS#4 reveals dramatic rearrangements to the "hypervariable surface," the binding site for neuroligins. The splice insert protrudes as a long helix into space, triggers conversion of loop β10-β11 into a helix rearranging the binding site for neuroligins, and rearranges the Ca2+-binding site required for ligand binding, increasing its affinity. Our structures reveal the mechanism by which neurexin 1β isoforms acquire neuroligin splice isoform selectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-431
Number of pages10
JournalStructure
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 2008

Keywords

  • PROTEINS
  • SIGNALING

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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