Release of AMP and adenosine from rat heart mitochondria was studied. The rate of appearance of extramitochondrial adenosine was independent of the extramitochondrial phosphate concentration between 5 and 20 mM. In the absence of exogenous, respiratory substrates or in the presence of glutamate/malate plus rotenone, the rate of appearance of adenosine was relatively low when phosphate was not added. The appearance of extramitochondrial AMP + adenosine was found to be directly proportional to the extramitochondrial phosphate concentration. Zn2+ (10 mM) decreased the rate of adenosine appearance by 90% and increased the rate of AMP appearance 6-fold. The mitochondrial preparations dephosphorylated exogenous AMP; this activity was inhibited by 10 mM Zn2+. We conclude that the adenosine appearing in the extramitochondrial space was not due to a direct release from the matrix, but instead was due to adenine nucleotide release with subsequent conversion to adenosine in the extramitochondrial space.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)