Remodeling myelination: Implications for mechanisms of neural plasticity

Kae Jiun Chang, Stephanie A. Redmond, Jonah R. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the most significant paradigm shifts in membrane remodeling is the emerging view that membrane transformation is not exclusively controlled by cytoskeletal rearrangement, but also by biophysical constraints, adhesive forces, membrane curvature and compaction. One of the most exquisite examples of membrane remodeling is myelination. The advent of myelin was instrumental in advancing the nervous system during vertebrate evolution. With more rapid and efficient communication between neurons, faster and more complex computations could be performed in a given time and space. Our knowledge of how myelin-forming oligodendrocytes select and wrap axons has been limited by insufficient spatial and temporal resolution. By virtue of recent technological advances, progress has clarified longstanding controversies in the field. Here we review insights into myelination, from target selection to axon wrapping and membrane compaction, and discuss how understanding these processes has unexpectedly opened new avenues of insight into myelination-centered mechanisms of neural plasticity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-197
Number of pages8
JournalNature Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 27 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience

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