Background: The aim of this study is to describe the incidence and impact of reoperation following pediatric liver transplantation, as well as the indications and risk factors for these complications. Methods: All primary pediatric liver transplants performed at our institution between January 2012 and September 2016 were reviewed. A reoperative complication was defined as a complication requiring return to the operating room within 30 days or the same hospital admission as the transplant operation, excluding retransplantation. Results: Among the 144 pediatric liver transplants performed during the study period, 9% of the recipients required reoperation. The most common indications for reoperation were bleeding and bowel complications. There was no significant difference in the graft survival of patients with a reoperation and those without a reoperation (p = 0.780), but patients with a reoperation had a significantly longer hospital length of stay (median of 39 days vs. 11 days, p = 0.001). Variant donor arterial anatomy, transplant operative time, intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volume of packed red blood cells or cell saver per weight, and transfusion with fresh frozen plasma, platelets, or cryoprecipitate were significantly associated with reoperation upon univariable logistic regression, but none of these risk factors remained statistically significant upon multivariable regression. Conclusion: At our institution, reoperation did not significantly impact graft survival. We identified variant donor arterial anatomy, transplant operative time, intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volume of packed red blood cells or cell saver per weight, and transfusion with fresh frozen plasma, platelets, or cryoprecipitate as risk factors for reoperation, although none of these risk factors demonstrated independent association with reoperation in a multivariable model. Type of study: Prognosis Study. Level of evidence: Level III.
- intestinal perforation
- length of stay
- postoperative complications
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health