Research priorities for gender nonconforming/transgender youth: Gender identity development and biopsychosocial outcomes

Johanna Olson-Kennedy, Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels, Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg, Robert Garofalo, Walter Meyer, Stephen M. Rosenthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review The review summarizes relevant research focused on prevalence and natural history of gender nonconforming/transgender youth, and outcomes of currently recommended clinical practice guidelines. This review identifies gaps in knowledge, and provides recommendations foci for future research. Recent findings Increasing numbers of gender nonconforming youth are presenting for care. Clinically useful information for predicting individual psychosexual development pathways is lacking. Transgender youth are at high risk for poor medical and psychosocial outcomes. Longitudinal data examining the impact of early social transition and medical interventions are sparse. Existing tools to understand gender identity and quantify gender dysphoria need to be reconfigured to study a more diverse cohort of transgender individuals. Increasingly, biomedical data are beginning to change the trajectory of scientific investigation. Summary Extensive research is needed to improve understanding of gender dysphoria, and transgender experience, particularly among youth. Recommendations include identification of predictors of persistence of gender dysphoria from childhood into adolescence, and a thorough investigation into the impact of interventions for transgender youth. Finally, examining the social environments of transgender youth is critical for the development of appropriate interventions necessary to improve the lives of transgender people.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-179
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Transgender Persons
Research
Psychosexual Development
Social Environment
Natural History
Practice Guidelines

Keywords

  • Gender Dysphoria
  • Gender Nonconforming
  • Transgender Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Olson-Kennedy, J., Cohen-Kettenis, P. T., Kreukels, B. P. C., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F. L., Garofalo, R., Meyer, W., & Rosenthal, S. M. (2016). Research priorities for gender nonconforming/transgender youth: Gender identity development and biopsychosocial outcomes. Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, 23(2), 172-179. https://doi.org/10.1097/MED.0000000000000236

Research priorities for gender nonconforming/transgender youth : Gender identity development and biopsychosocial outcomes. / Olson-Kennedy, Johanna; Cohen-Kettenis, Peggy T.; Kreukels, Baudewijntje P C; Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino F L; Garofalo, Robert; Meyer, Walter; Rosenthal, Stephen M.

In: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2016, p. 172-179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Olson-Kennedy, J, Cohen-Kettenis, PT, Kreukels, BPC, Meyer-Bahlburg, HFL, Garofalo, R, Meyer, W & Rosenthal, SM 2016, 'Research priorities for gender nonconforming/transgender youth: Gender identity development and biopsychosocial outcomes', Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 172-179. https://doi.org/10.1097/MED.0000000000000236
Olson-Kennedy, Johanna ; Cohen-Kettenis, Peggy T. ; Kreukels, Baudewijntje P C ; Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino F L ; Garofalo, Robert ; Meyer, Walter ; Rosenthal, Stephen M. / Research priorities for gender nonconforming/transgender youth : Gender identity development and biopsychosocial outcomes. In: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity. 2016 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 172-179.
@article{96a80c1fece94702b6a2f0eb2c9e80b5,
title = "Research priorities for gender nonconforming/transgender youth: Gender identity development and biopsychosocial outcomes",
abstract = "Purpose of review The review summarizes relevant research focused on prevalence and natural history of gender nonconforming/transgender youth, and outcomes of currently recommended clinical practice guidelines. This review identifies gaps in knowledge, and provides recommendations foci for future research. Recent findings Increasing numbers of gender nonconforming youth are presenting for care. Clinically useful information for predicting individual psychosexual development pathways is lacking. Transgender youth are at high risk for poor medical and psychosocial outcomes. Longitudinal data examining the impact of early social transition and medical interventions are sparse. Existing tools to understand gender identity and quantify gender dysphoria need to be reconfigured to study a more diverse cohort of transgender individuals. Increasingly, biomedical data are beginning to change the trajectory of scientific investigation. Summary Extensive research is needed to improve understanding of gender dysphoria, and transgender experience, particularly among youth. Recommendations include identification of predictors of persistence of gender dysphoria from childhood into adolescence, and a thorough investigation into the impact of interventions for transgender youth. Finally, examining the social environments of transgender youth is critical for the development of appropriate interventions necessary to improve the lives of transgender people.",
keywords = "Gender Dysphoria, Gender Nonconforming, Transgender Youth",
author = "Johanna Olson-Kennedy and Cohen-Kettenis, {Peggy T.} and Kreukels, {Baudewijntje P C} and Meyer-Bahlburg, {Heino F L} and Robert Garofalo and Walter Meyer and Rosenthal, {Stephen M.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1097/MED.0000000000000236",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "172--179",
journal = "Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity",
issn = "1752-296X",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Research priorities for gender nonconforming/transgender youth

T2 - Gender identity development and biopsychosocial outcomes

AU - Olson-Kennedy, Johanna

AU - Cohen-Kettenis, Peggy T.

AU - Kreukels, Baudewijntje P C

AU - Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino F L

AU - Garofalo, Robert

AU - Meyer, Walter

AU - Rosenthal, Stephen M.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Purpose of review The review summarizes relevant research focused on prevalence and natural history of gender nonconforming/transgender youth, and outcomes of currently recommended clinical practice guidelines. This review identifies gaps in knowledge, and provides recommendations foci for future research. Recent findings Increasing numbers of gender nonconforming youth are presenting for care. Clinically useful information for predicting individual psychosexual development pathways is lacking. Transgender youth are at high risk for poor medical and psychosocial outcomes. Longitudinal data examining the impact of early social transition and medical interventions are sparse. Existing tools to understand gender identity and quantify gender dysphoria need to be reconfigured to study a more diverse cohort of transgender individuals. Increasingly, biomedical data are beginning to change the trajectory of scientific investigation. Summary Extensive research is needed to improve understanding of gender dysphoria, and transgender experience, particularly among youth. Recommendations include identification of predictors of persistence of gender dysphoria from childhood into adolescence, and a thorough investigation into the impact of interventions for transgender youth. Finally, examining the social environments of transgender youth is critical for the development of appropriate interventions necessary to improve the lives of transgender people.

AB - Purpose of review The review summarizes relevant research focused on prevalence and natural history of gender nonconforming/transgender youth, and outcomes of currently recommended clinical practice guidelines. This review identifies gaps in knowledge, and provides recommendations foci for future research. Recent findings Increasing numbers of gender nonconforming youth are presenting for care. Clinically useful information for predicting individual psychosexual development pathways is lacking. Transgender youth are at high risk for poor medical and psychosocial outcomes. Longitudinal data examining the impact of early social transition and medical interventions are sparse. Existing tools to understand gender identity and quantify gender dysphoria need to be reconfigured to study a more diverse cohort of transgender individuals. Increasingly, biomedical data are beginning to change the trajectory of scientific investigation. Summary Extensive research is needed to improve understanding of gender dysphoria, and transgender experience, particularly among youth. Recommendations include identification of predictors of persistence of gender dysphoria from childhood into adolescence, and a thorough investigation into the impact of interventions for transgender youth. Finally, examining the social environments of transgender youth is critical for the development of appropriate interventions necessary to improve the lives of transgender people.

KW - Gender Dysphoria

KW - Gender Nonconforming

KW - Transgender Youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960075288&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84960075288&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/MED.0000000000000236

DO - 10.1097/MED.0000000000000236

M3 - Article

C2 - 26825472

AN - SCOPUS:84960075288

VL - 23

SP - 172

EP - 179

JO - Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity

JF - Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity

SN - 1752-296X

IS - 2

ER -