Resilience among nurses in long term care and rehabilitation settings

Li Chen Lin, Ya Ching Huang, Patricia Carter, Julie Zuniga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: Nurses practicing in long-term care or rehabilitation settings face unique challenges from prolonged or repeated exposure to stressors, given their extended time with patients. This puts them at risk for compassion fatigue, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress, which can lead to decreased resilience and sleep problems. Aim: The aim of this study was to examine relationships among resilience, professional quality of life, sleep, and demographics in nurses working in long-term care or rehabilitation settings, and to investigate whether demographics, professional quality of life, and sleep quality are significant predictors of nurses' resilience. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we used the following measures: demographics, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Questionnaire, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL). Data were analyzed with SPSS v25. Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations, and multiple regression. Results: Participants (N = 120) were mostly female (85%) and registered nurses (90%). Mean scores were 52.13 for resilience and 7.53 for sleep quality. Mean ProQOL subscale scores were 41.78 for compassion satisfaction, 22.28 for compassion fatigue, and 23.92 for secondary traumatic stress. Multiple regression models showed that compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress significantly predicted resilience (β = 0.69, β = −0.61, and β = −0.34, respectively, all p < .05). Conclusions: Resilience is important in nurses' personal and professional lives because it helps to protect nurses from the negative consequences of stressors. Strategies, resources, and workplace support can promote self-care and resilience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number151518
JournalApplied Nursing Research
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Professional quality of life
  • Resilience
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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