Responsiveness and initiative: Two aspects of social competence

Susan H. Landry, Karen E. Smith, Cynthia L. Miller-Loncar, Paul R. Swank

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations


Responsiveness and initiating were examined as separate aspects of social competence across 6 and 12 months of age in two contexts for medically high risk (HR; n = 89) and low risk (LR; n = 123) preterm and full-term (FT; n = 128) infants. Compared to FT infants, HR infants showed global problems with initiating while LR infants had greater initiating difficulties in the more attentionally demanding toy play context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-262
Number of pages4
JournalInfant Behavior and Development
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997



  • Initiative
  • Prematurity
  • Responsiveness
  • Social competence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Landry, S. H., Smith, K. E., Miller-Loncar, C. L., & Swank, P. R. (1997). Responsiveness and initiative: Two aspects of social competence. Infant Behavior and Development, 20(2), 259-262.