Responsiveness of the Traumatic Brain Injury–Quality of Life (TBI-QOL) Measurement System

Julia M.P. Poritz, Mark Sherer, Pamela A. Kisala, David Tulsky, Luis Leon-Novelo, Esther Ngan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objective: To assess the responsiveness of the Traumatic Brain Injury–Quality of Life (TBI-QOL) measurement system. Design: Participants completed the 20 TBI-QOL item banks and the Participation Assessment with Recombined Tools–Objective (PART-O) Productivity Subscale at baseline and 6-month follow-up assessments. Participants were categorized into 4 groups (increased productivity, unchanged productivity, and decreased productivity) based on PART-O Productivity scores. Paired sample t tests were used to compare TBI-QOL scores at baseline and 6 months, and standardized response means and Cohen's d were computed to estimate effect sizes. Setting: Three traumatic brain injury (TBI) Model Systems rehabilitation centers in the United States. Participants: Two hundred one community-dwelling adults with TBI. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: 20 TBI-QOL item banks. Results: As expected, given that there was no intervention, group mean TBI-QOL subdomain scores for the entire sample showed no change or small improvement over the 6-month study period. At the follow-up assessment, 72 participants reported increased productivity, 71 reported decreased productivity, and 58 reported the same level of productivity as they had 6 months prior. When compared with participants who reported unchanged or decreased productivity, participants who reported increased productivity on the PART-O subscale had clinically meaningful (d≥0.30) improvements on 7 TBI-QOL measures. The largest improvement was in the Independence subdomain (mean change, 7.06; df=0.84), with differences also observed in the Mobility, Positive Affect and Well-Being, Resilience, Grief/Loss, Ability to Participate, and Satisfaction with Participation subdomains. Conclusions: The 20 TBI-QOL item banks demonstrate responsiveness to change and measurement stability in a community-dwelling sample. Researchers may use the TBI-QOL to detect changes in HRQOL after a clinical intervention and clinicians may use it in their daily practices to monitor patient recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-61
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2020


  • Health-related quality of life
  • Patient-reported outcome measure
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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