Retrospective outcomes analysis of tracheostomy in a paediatric burn population

Nicholas J. Iglesias, Anesh Prasai, George Golovko, Deepak K. Ozhathil, Steven E. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Previous analyses of tracheostomy in paediatric burns was hindered by a lack of multi-institution or nationwide analysis. This study aims to explore the effects of tracheostomy in paediatric burn patients in such an analysis. De-identified data was obtained from the TriNetX Research Network database. Methods: Two cohorts were identified using ICD and CPT codes: paediatric burn patients with tracheostomy (cohort 1) and paediatric burn patients without tracheostomy (cohort 2). Cohorts were matched according to age at diagnosis and pulmonary condition, specifically influenza and pneumonia, respiratory failure, acute upper respiratory infection, and pulmonary collapse. Cohorts were also matched for age at burn diagnosis and surface area burned. Several parameters including infection following a procedure, sepsis, volume depletion, respiratory disorders, laryngeal disorders, pneumonia, and other metrics were also compared. Results: A total of 152 patients were matched according to age and pulmonary condition. Cohort 1 and cohort 2 had a mean age of 4.45 ± 4.06 and 4.39 ± 3.99 years, respectively. Matched patients with tracheostomy had a higher risk for pneumonia, respiratory failure, other respiratory disorders, diseases of the vocal cord and larynx, sepsis, volume depletion, pulmonary edema, and respiratory arrest. The risk ratios for these outcomes were 2.96, 3.5, 3.13, 3.9, 2.5, 2.5, 3.3, and not applicable. Analysis of longitudinal outcomes of paediatric burn patients with tracheostomy vs. those without demonstrated the tracheostomy cohort suffered much worse morbidity and experienced higher health burden across several metrics. Conclusion: The potential benefits of tracheostomy in paediatric burn patients should be weighed against these outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-414
Number of pages7
JournalBurns
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Airway
  • Burn
  • Outcomes
  • Paediatrics
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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