Rhabdoviridae. Report of the Rhabdovirus Study Group, International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.

F. Brown, D. H. Bishop, J. Crick, R. I. Francki, J. J. Holland, R. Hull, K. Johnson, G. Martelli, F. A. Murphy, J. F. Obijeski, D. Peters, C. R. Pringle, M. E. Reichmann, L. G. Schneider, R. E. Shope, D. I. Simpson, D. F. Summers, R. R. Wagner

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Abstract

The family Rhabdoviridae comprises approximately 75 viruses infecting vertebrates, invertebrates and plants. The main characteristics of the member viruses are: (i) the viruses infecting vertebrates and invertebrates are bullet-shaped and the viruses infecting plants are usually bacilliform; (ii) the viruses have particle lengths varying from 130 to 380 nm and widths varying from 60 to 95 nm; (iii) the viruses possess unit-membrane envelopes from which protrude spikes 5 to 10 nm long; (iv) the viruses have precisely coiled helical nuecleocapsids with a diameter of approx. 50 nm; (v) most of the viruses which have been studied contain 5 proteins; the prototype, vesicular stomatitis virus, contains proteins designated L (large), G (glycoprotein), N (nucleoprotein), NS (nonstructural) and M (matrix); N or NS is phosphorylated in most members which have been studied; (vi) the viruses contain single-stranded RNA which is transcribed into several messenger RNA species with sizes corresponding to the structural proteins; (vii) the nucleocapsid contains the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and is infectious; and (viii) many of the viruses produce morphologically distinct defective-interfering (T) particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalIntervirology
Volume12
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1979

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

Brown, F., Bishop, D. H., Crick, J., Francki, R. I., Holland, J. J., Hull, R., Johnson, K., Martelli, G., Murphy, F. A., Obijeski, J. F., Peters, D., Pringle, C. R., Reichmann, M. E., Schneider, L. G., Shope, R. E., Simpson, D. I., Summers, D. F., & Wagner, R. R. (1979). Rhabdoviridae. Report of the Rhabdovirus Study Group, International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Intervirology, 12(1), 1-7.