Rickettsial infection in murine models activates an early anti-rickettsial effect mediated by NK cells and associated with production of gamma interferon

A. N. Billings, H. M. Feng, Juan Olano, David Walker

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49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Natural killer (NK) cell activity was significantly increased on days 2-6 of infection in the Rickettsia conorii-infected C3H/HeN mice and on day 2 in the Rickettsia typhi-infected C57BL/6 mice. Depletion of NK cell activity utilizing anti-NK1.1 monoclonal antibody enhanced the susceptibility of normally resistant C57BL/6 mice to infection with R. typhi, and depletion of NK cell activity with antibody to asialo GM1 enhanced the susceptibility of C3H/HeN mice to infection with R. conorii. Serum gamma interferon was increased in R. conorii-infected C3H/HeN mice compared with NK cell-depleted, infected mice during the early course of infection. Additionally, the NK cell activating cytokine IL-12 was elevated in the sera of infected mice during the time period representing enhanced NK cell activity compared with uninfected mice. Thus, it appears that NK cells contribute to the early anti-rickettsial immune response, likely via a mechanism involving gamma interferon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-56
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume65
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001

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Natural Killer Cells
Interferon-gamma
Rickettsia conorii
Infection
Inbred C3H Mouse
Rickettsia typhi
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Interleukin-12
Serum
Monoclonal Antibodies
Cytokines
Antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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title = "Rickettsial infection in murine models activates an early anti-rickettsial effect mediated by NK cells and associated with production of gamma interferon",
abstract = "Natural killer (NK) cell activity was significantly increased on days 2-6 of infection in the Rickettsia conorii-infected C3H/HeN mice and on day 2 in the Rickettsia typhi-infected C57BL/6 mice. Depletion of NK cell activity utilizing anti-NK1.1 monoclonal antibody enhanced the susceptibility of normally resistant C57BL/6 mice to infection with R. typhi, and depletion of NK cell activity with antibody to asialo GM1 enhanced the susceptibility of C3H/HeN mice to infection with R. conorii. Serum gamma interferon was increased in R. conorii-infected C3H/HeN mice compared with NK cell-depleted, infected mice during the early course of infection. Additionally, the NK cell activating cytokine IL-12 was elevated in the sera of infected mice during the time period representing enhanced NK cell activity compared with uninfected mice. Thus, it appears that NK cells contribute to the early anti-rickettsial immune response, likely via a mechanism involving gamma interferon.",
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AU - Billings, A. N.

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AU - Olano, Juan

AU - Walker, David

PY - 2001

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AB - Natural killer (NK) cell activity was significantly increased on days 2-6 of infection in the Rickettsia conorii-infected C3H/HeN mice and on day 2 in the Rickettsia typhi-infected C57BL/6 mice. Depletion of NK cell activity utilizing anti-NK1.1 monoclonal antibody enhanced the susceptibility of normally resistant C57BL/6 mice to infection with R. typhi, and depletion of NK cell activity with antibody to asialo GM1 enhanced the susceptibility of C3H/HeN mice to infection with R. conorii. Serum gamma interferon was increased in R. conorii-infected C3H/HeN mice compared with NK cell-depleted, infected mice during the early course of infection. Additionally, the NK cell activating cytokine IL-12 was elevated in the sera of infected mice during the time period representing enhanced NK cell activity compared with uninfected mice. Thus, it appears that NK cells contribute to the early anti-rickettsial immune response, likely via a mechanism involving gamma interferon.

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