Rift Valley Fever Virus and Other Phleboviruses (Phenuiviridae)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The genus Phlebovirus within the family Phenuiviridae consists of at least 100 known viruses, including the approved ten viral species Bujaru, Candiru, Chilibre, Frijoles, Mukawa, Punta Toro, Rift Valley fever, Salehabad, Sandfly fever Naples, and Uukuniemi phlebovirus. Recently, three highly pathogenic tick-borne phleboviruses were reclassified into the genus Banyangvirus (i.e., Huaiyangshan, Guertu, and Heartland banyangvirus). Pathogenicity and patterns of transmission vary among phleboviruses. In addition to self-limiting phlebotomus fever caused by various sandfly-borne phleboviruses, severe diseases caused by Rift Valley fever virus, Toscana virus, or banyangviruses are of public health concerns. This article summarizes virology, pathogenicity, and the vector-host relationship of diverse phleboviruses and banyangviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Virology
Subtitle of host publicationVolume 1-5, Fourth Edition
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780128145166
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Antigenic complex
  • Banyangvirus
  • Bhanja virus
  • Heartland virus
  • Huaiyangshan banyangvirus
  • Mosquito-borne phlebovirus
  • NSm gene
  • NSs gene
  • Phlebovirus
  • Rift Valley fever virus
  • Sandfly fever Naples virus
  • Sandfly fever Sicilian virus
  • Sandfly-borne phlebovirus
  • Toscana virus
  • Uukuniemi virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Immunology and Microbiology


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