Rift valley fever virus nonstructural protein NSs promotes viral RNA replication and transcription in a minigenome system

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), which belongs to the genus Phlebovirus, family Bunyaviridae, has a tripartite negative-strand genome (S, M, and L segments) and is an important mosquito-borne pathogen for domestic animals and humans. We established an RWV T7 RNA polymerase-driven minigenome system in which T7 RNA polymerase from an expression plasmid drove expression of RNA transcripts for viral proteins and minigenome RNA transcripts carrying a reporter gene between both termini of the M RNA segment in 293T cells. Like other viruses of the Bunyaviridae family, replication and transcription of the RVFV minigenome required expression of viral N and L proteins. Unexpectedly, the coexpression of an RVFV nonstnictural protein, NSs, with N and L proteins resulted in a significant enhancement of minigenome RNA replication. Coexpression of NSs protein with N and L proteins also enhanced minigenome mRNA transcription in the cells expressing viral-sense minigenome RNA transcripts. NSs protein expression increased the RNA replication of minigenomes that originated from S and L RNA segments. Enhancement of minigenome RNA synthesis by NSs protein occurred in cells lacking alpha/beta interferon (IFN-α/β) genes, indicating that the effect of NSs protein on minigenome RNA replication was unrelated to a putative NSs protein-induced inhibition of IFN-α/β production. Our finding that RVFV NSs protein augmented minigenome RNA synthesis was in sharp contrast to reports that Bunyamwera virus (genus Bunyavirus) NSs protein inhibits viral minigenome RNA synthesis, suggesting that RVFV NSs protein and Bunyamwera virus NSs protein have distinctly different biological roles in viral RNA synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5606-5615
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume79
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Fingerprint

Rift Valley fever virus
Viral RNA
transcription (genetics)
RNA
Proteins
proteins
Bunyamwera virus
messenger RNA
Bunyaviridae
synthesis
DNA-directed RNA polymerase
Phlebovirus
RNA replication
Orthobunyavirus
interferon-beta
Nucleocapsid Proteins
viral proteins
cells
HEK293 Cells
Interferon-beta

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Rift valley fever virus nonstructural protein NSs promotes viral RNA replication and transcription in a minigenome system. / Ikegami, Tetsuro; Peters, C. J.; Makino, Shinji.

In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 79, No. 9, 05.2005, p. 5606-5615.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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