Risk factors associated with antibodies to leptospires in inner-city residents of Baltimore

A protective role for cats

J. E. Childs, B. S. Schwartz, T. G. Ksiazek, R. R. Graham, J. W. LeDuc, G. E. Glass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leptospiral antibody prevalence was 16% in residents of Baltimore. Seropositivity was associated with age, gender, race, and bird ownership, and negatively associated with contact with rat excrement and cat ownership. Current cat ownership reduced the antibody risk associated with age and race from odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of 3.3 (2.0, 5.5) and 3.3 (1.1, 9.3), respectively, to the baseline level. These data establish the high prevalence of leptospiral antibody in Baltimore and suggest a protective role for cats in reducing the risk of human infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-599
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume82
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Baltimore
Ownership
Cats
Antibodies
Birds
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Risk factors associated with antibodies to leptospires in inner-city residents of Baltimore : A protective role for cats. / Childs, J. E.; Schwartz, B. S.; Ksiazek, T. G.; Graham, R. R.; LeDuc, J. W.; Glass, G. E.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 82, No. 4, 1992, p. 597-599.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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