This study was designed to assess unique baseline factors associated with subsequent hospitalizations in a cohort of outpatients with cirrhosis. A cohort of 193 patients with cirrhosis was recruited from an outpatient liver disease clinic at a single, tertiary medical center. Comorbidities, prescription medications, liver disease symptoms and severity, and psychiatric and pain symptoms were assessed at baseline using validated instruments. Inflammatory markers were measured using standardized Luminex assays. Subsequent hospitalizations and the primary admission diagnoses were collected via chart review. Multivariable models were used to evaluate which baseline factors were associated with time to hospitalization and number of hospitalizations. The cohort consisted of 193 outpatients, with an average age of 58±9 and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score of 12±5. Over follow-up, 57 (30%) were admitted to the hospital. The factors associated with time to hospitalization included the severity of liver disease (HR/MELD point:1.10, 95% CI:1.04,1.16), ascites (HR: 1.90, 95% CI: 1.01, 3.58), baseline symptoms of depression (HR:2.34, 95% CI:1.28,4.25), sleep medications (HR:1.81, 95% CI:1.01, 3.22) and IL-6 (HR:1.43, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.84). Similarly the number admissions was significantly associated with MELD (IIR: 1.08, CI: 1.07,1.09), ascites (IIR: 4.15, CI:3.89, 4.43), depressive symptoms (IIR:1.54, CI:1.44,1.64), IL-6 (IIR:1.26, CI:1.23,1.30), sleep medications (IIR:2.74, CI:2.57, 2.93), and widespread pain (IIR: 1.61, CI: 1.50, 1.73). In conclusion, consistent with prior studies, MELD and ascites were associated with subsequent hospitalization. However, this study also identified other factors associated with hospitalization including inflammation, depressive symptoms, sleep medication use, and pain.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)