Risk of reincarceration among prisoners with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders

Jacques Baillargeon, Joseph V. Penn, Kevin Knight, Amy Jo Harzke, Gwen Baillargeon, Emilie A. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined whether the presence of a comorbid substance use disorder increased the risk of criminal recidivism and reincarceration in prison inmates with a severe mental illness. Our analyses of more than 61,000 Texas prison inmates showed that those with a co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder exhibited a substantially higher risk of multiple incarcerations over a 6-year period compared to inmates with psychiatric disorders alone or substance use disorders alone. Further research is needed to identify the factors associated with criminal recidivism among released prisoners with co-occurring disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-374
Number of pages8
JournalAdministration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Fingerprint

Prisoners
Substance-Related Disorders
Prisons
Psychiatry
Research

Keywords

  • Criminal recidivism
  • Mental illness
  • Prisons
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy
  • Phychiatric Mental Health

Cite this

Risk of reincarceration among prisoners with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders. / Baillargeon, Jacques; Penn, Joseph V.; Knight, Kevin; Harzke, Amy Jo; Baillargeon, Gwen; Becker, Emilie A.

In: Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, Vol. 37, No. 4, 07.2010, p. 367-374.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baillargeon, Jacques ; Penn, Joseph V. ; Knight, Kevin ; Harzke, Amy Jo ; Baillargeon, Gwen ; Becker, Emilie A. / Risk of reincarceration among prisoners with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders. In: Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research. 2010 ; Vol. 37, No. 4. pp. 367-374.
@article{e932fc71e4e248be80e1794007a2ef6e,
title = "Risk of reincarceration among prisoners with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders",
abstract = "This study examined whether the presence of a comorbid substance use disorder increased the risk of criminal recidivism and reincarceration in prison inmates with a severe mental illness. Our analyses of more than 61,000 Texas prison inmates showed that those with a co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder exhibited a substantially higher risk of multiple incarcerations over a 6-year period compared to inmates with psychiatric disorders alone or substance use disorders alone. Further research is needed to identify the factors associated with criminal recidivism among released prisoners with co-occurring disorders.",
keywords = "Criminal recidivism, Mental illness, Prisons, Substance abuse",
author = "Jacques Baillargeon and Penn, {Joseph V.} and Kevin Knight and Harzke, {Amy Jo} and Gwen Baillargeon and Becker, {Emilie A.}",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s10488-009-0252-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "37",
pages = "367--374",
journal = "Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research",
issn = "0894-587X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of reincarceration among prisoners with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders

AU - Baillargeon, Jacques

AU - Penn, Joseph V.

AU - Knight, Kevin

AU - Harzke, Amy Jo

AU - Baillargeon, Gwen

AU - Becker, Emilie A.

PY - 2010/7

Y1 - 2010/7

N2 - This study examined whether the presence of a comorbid substance use disorder increased the risk of criminal recidivism and reincarceration in prison inmates with a severe mental illness. Our analyses of more than 61,000 Texas prison inmates showed that those with a co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder exhibited a substantially higher risk of multiple incarcerations over a 6-year period compared to inmates with psychiatric disorders alone or substance use disorders alone. Further research is needed to identify the factors associated with criminal recidivism among released prisoners with co-occurring disorders.

AB - This study examined whether the presence of a comorbid substance use disorder increased the risk of criminal recidivism and reincarceration in prison inmates with a severe mental illness. Our analyses of more than 61,000 Texas prison inmates showed that those with a co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder exhibited a substantially higher risk of multiple incarcerations over a 6-year period compared to inmates with psychiatric disorders alone or substance use disorders alone. Further research is needed to identify the factors associated with criminal recidivism among released prisoners with co-occurring disorders.

KW - Criminal recidivism

KW - Mental illness

KW - Prisons

KW - Substance abuse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955981285&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955981285&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10488-009-0252-9

DO - 10.1007/s10488-009-0252-9

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 367

EP - 374

JO - Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research

JF - Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research

SN - 0894-587X

IS - 4

ER -