Risk of reincarceration among prisoners with co-occurring severe mental illness and substance use disorders

Jacques Baillargeon, Joseph V. Penn, Kevin Knight, Amy Jo Harzke, Gwen Baillargeon, Emilie A. Becker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    144 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    This study examined whether the presence of a comorbid substance use disorder increased the risk of criminal recidivism and reincarceration in prison inmates with a severe mental illness. Our analyses of more than 61,000 Texas prison inmates showed that those with a co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder exhibited a substantially higher risk of multiple incarcerations over a 6-year period compared to inmates with psychiatric disorders alone or substance use disorders alone. Further research is needed to identify the factors associated with criminal recidivism among released prisoners with co-occurring disorders.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)367-374
    Number of pages8
    JournalAdministration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research
    Volume37
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2010

    Keywords

    • Criminal recidivism
    • Mental illness
    • Prisons
    • Substance abuse

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Phychiatric Mental Health
    • Health Policy
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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