Role of acetyltransferase PG1842 in gingipain biogenesis in Porphyromonas gingivalis

Arunima Mishra, Francis Roy, Yuetan Dou, Kangling Zhang, Hui Tang, Hansel M. Fletcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porphyromonas gingivalis, the major etiologic agent in adult periodontitis, produces large amounts of proteases that are important for its survival and pathogenesis. The activation/maturation of gingipains, the major proteases, in P. gingivalis involves a complex network of processes which are not yet fully understood. VimA, a putative acetyltransferase and virulence-modulating protein in P. gingivalis, is known to be involved in gingipain biogenesis. P. gingivalis FLL92, a vimA-defective isogenic mutant (vimA::ermF-ermAM) showed late-onset gingipain activity at stationary phase, indicating the likelihood of a complementary functional VimA homolog in that growth phase. This study aimed to identify a functional homolog(s) that may activate the gingipains in the absence of VimA at stationary phase. A bioinformatics analysis showed five putative GCN5-related N-acetyltransferases (GNAT) encoded in the P. gingivalis genome that are structurally related to VimA. Allelic exchange mutagenesis was used to make deletion mutants for these acetyltransferases in the P. gingivalis vimAdefective mutant FLL102 (ΔvimA::ermF) genetic background. One of the mutants, designated P. gingivalis FLL126 (ΔvimA-ΔPG1842), did not show any late-onset gingipain activity at stationary phase compared to that of the parent strain P. gingivalis FLL102. A Western blot analysis of stationary-phase extracellular fractions with antigingipain antibodies showed immunoreactive bands that were similar in size to those for the progingipain species present only in the ΔvimA-ΔPG1842 isogenic mutant. Both recombinant VimA and PG1842 proteins acetylated Y230, K247, and K248 residues in the pro-RgpB substrate. Collectively, these findings indicate that PG1842 may play a significant role in the activation/maturation of gingipains in P. gingivalis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00385
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume200
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Porphyromonas gingivalis
Acetyltransferases
Peptide Hydrolases
Porphyromonas gingivalis argingipain
Chronic Periodontitis
Computational Biology
Mutagenesis
Virulence
Proteins
Western Blotting
Genome
Antibodies

Keywords

  • Acetyltransferase
  • Gingipain
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Role of acetyltransferase PG1842 in gingipain biogenesis in Porphyromonas gingivalis. / Mishra, Arunima; Roy, Francis; Dou, Yuetan; Zhang, Kangling; Tang, Hui; Fletcher, Hansel M.

In: Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 200, No. 24, e00385, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mishra, Arunima ; Roy, Francis ; Dou, Yuetan ; Zhang, Kangling ; Tang, Hui ; Fletcher, Hansel M. / Role of acetyltransferase PG1842 in gingipain biogenesis in Porphyromonas gingivalis. In: Journal of Bacteriology. 2018 ; Vol. 200, No. 24.
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abstract = "Porphyromonas gingivalis, the major etiologic agent in adult periodontitis, produces large amounts of proteases that are important for its survival and pathogenesis. The activation/maturation of gingipains, the major proteases, in P. gingivalis involves a complex network of processes which are not yet fully understood. VimA, a putative acetyltransferase and virulence-modulating protein in P. gingivalis, is known to be involved in gingipain biogenesis. P. gingivalis FLL92, a vimA-defective isogenic mutant (vimA::ermF-ermAM) showed late-onset gingipain activity at stationary phase, indicating the likelihood of a complementary functional VimA homolog in that growth phase. This study aimed to identify a functional homolog(s) that may activate the gingipains in the absence of VimA at stationary phase. A bioinformatics analysis showed five putative GCN5-related N-acetyltransferases (GNAT) encoded in the P. gingivalis genome that are structurally related to VimA. Allelic exchange mutagenesis was used to make deletion mutants for these acetyltransferases in the P. gingivalis vimAdefective mutant FLL102 (ΔvimA::ermF) genetic background. One of the mutants, designated P. gingivalis FLL126 (ΔvimA-ΔPG1842), did not show any late-onset gingipain activity at stationary phase compared to that of the parent strain P. gingivalis FLL102. A Western blot analysis of stationary-phase extracellular fractions with antigingipain antibodies showed immunoreactive bands that were similar in size to those for the progingipain species present only in the ΔvimA-ΔPG1842 isogenic mutant. Both recombinant VimA and PG1842 proteins acetylated Y230, K247, and K248 residues in the pro-RgpB substrate. Collectively, these findings indicate that PG1842 may play a significant role in the activation/maturation of gingipains in P. gingivalis.",
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AB - Porphyromonas gingivalis, the major etiologic agent in adult periodontitis, produces large amounts of proteases that are important for its survival and pathogenesis. The activation/maturation of gingipains, the major proteases, in P. gingivalis involves a complex network of processes which are not yet fully understood. VimA, a putative acetyltransferase and virulence-modulating protein in P. gingivalis, is known to be involved in gingipain biogenesis. P. gingivalis FLL92, a vimA-defective isogenic mutant (vimA::ermF-ermAM) showed late-onset gingipain activity at stationary phase, indicating the likelihood of a complementary functional VimA homolog in that growth phase. This study aimed to identify a functional homolog(s) that may activate the gingipains in the absence of VimA at stationary phase. A bioinformatics analysis showed five putative GCN5-related N-acetyltransferases (GNAT) encoded in the P. gingivalis genome that are structurally related to VimA. Allelic exchange mutagenesis was used to make deletion mutants for these acetyltransferases in the P. gingivalis vimAdefective mutant FLL102 (ΔvimA::ermF) genetic background. One of the mutants, designated P. gingivalis FLL126 (ΔvimA-ΔPG1842), did not show any late-onset gingipain activity at stationary phase compared to that of the parent strain P. gingivalis FLL102. A Western blot analysis of stationary-phase extracellular fractions with antigingipain antibodies showed immunoreactive bands that were similar in size to those for the progingipain species present only in the ΔvimA-ΔPG1842 isogenic mutant. Both recombinant VimA and PG1842 proteins acetylated Y230, K247, and K248 residues in the pro-RgpB substrate. Collectively, these findings indicate that PG1842 may play a significant role in the activation/maturation of gingipains in P. gingivalis.

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