Role of airway endogenous nitric oxide on lung function during and after exercise in mild asthma

Oscar Suman, Kenneth C. Beck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We hypothesized that nitric oxide (NO), a known mild bronchodilator that can be released by several cell types within pulmonary airways, might protect airways during exercise in asthmatic subjects. We studied 17 individuals with documented exercise-induced asthma (screening exercise evaluation) on 2 study days: after treatment with inhaled NO synthase inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA; 2 ml of 25 mg/ml mist) and after treatment with saline vehicle. Pulmonary resistance (RL, esophageal manometry) rose and forced expiratory volume in 1 s fell more after L-NMMA compared with saline treatment, suggesting a bronchoprotective role for NO at baseline. The rise in RL seen after L-NMMA treatment was nearly completely reversed early in exercise, suggesting a non-NO-mediated bronchodilation. A slow rise in RL during constant-load exercise and dramatic increase in RL after exercise were the same on the 2 treatment days, indicating little role for NO in regulating airway function during and after exercise. We conclude that endogenous NO plays little role in regulating airway function during and after exercise in subjects with mild asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1932-1938
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume93
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

omega-N-Methylarginine
Nitric Oxide
Asthma
Lung
Exercise-Induced Asthma
Bronchodilator Agents
Manometry
Forced Expiratory Volume
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Oxides

Keywords

  • Exercise-induced asthma
  • Human
  • N-monomethyl-L-arginine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Role of airway endogenous nitric oxide on lung function during and after exercise in mild asthma. / Suman, Oscar; Beck, Kenneth C.

In: Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 93, No. 6, 12.2002, p. 1932-1938.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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