Role of BC loop residues in structure, function and antigenicity of the West Nile virus envelope protein receptor-binding domain III

Shuliu Zhang, Evgeniy I. Bovshik, Rodrigo Maillard, Gregory D. Gromowski, David E. Volk, Catherine H. Schein, Claire Y.H. Huang, David G. Gorenstein, James C. Lee, Alan D.T. Barrett, David W.C. Beasley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Site-directed mutagenesis of residues in the BC loop (residues 329-333) of the envelope (E) protein domain III in a West Nile virus (WNV) infectious clone and in plasmids encoding recombinant WNV and dengue type 2 virus domain III proteins demonstrated a critical role for residues in this loop in the function and antigenicity of the E protein. This included a strict requirement for the tyrosine at residue 329 of WNV for virus viability and E domain III folding. The absence of an equivalent residue in this region of yellow fever group viruses and most tick-borne flavivirus suggests there is an evolutionary divergence in the molecular mechanisms of domain III folding employed by different flaviviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalVirology
Volume403
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

Keywords

  • Attenuation
  • Envelope protein
  • Flavivirus
  • Neutralization
  • Receptor binding domain
  • West Nile virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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