Echocardiogram (echo) is a commonly used noninvasive modality for the diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia associated pulmonary hypertension (BPD-PH). Though not considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of BPD-PH, it is an extremely valuable tool in the neonatal and pediatric population, especially when cardiac catheterization is not feasible. In addition to the traditional echo parameters that are used to assess the presence of BPD-PH, much attention has been recently placed on newer bedside echo measures, the so-called functional echo parameters, to aid and assist in the diagnosis. This review article provides a brief introduction to BPD-PH, describes the pitfalls of traditional echo parameters and details the newer echo modalities currently available for the diagnosis of neonatal PH.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology