Role of nucleotide cyclases in the inhibition of pregnant rat uterine contractions by the openers of potassium channels

Toshiaki Okawa, Monica Longo, Yuri P. Vedernikov, Kristof Chwalisz, George R. Saade, Robert E. Garfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to study the involvement of adenylate and guanylate cylases in spontaneous uterine contractions and inhibition induced by the opening of potassium channels. STUDY DESIGN: Uterine rings from rats at mid and term gestation and from rats at term gestation in labor were suspended in organ chambers for isometric tension recording. Concentration- response relationships to an opener of adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium channels, levcromakalim, or to an opener of calcium-dependent potassium channels, NS 1619, were studied in the absence and presence of inhibitors of adenylate cyclase (MDL 12330 A, 2 x 10-5 mol/L; SQ 22536, 10-4 mol/L) or guanylate cyclase (LY 83583, 3 x 10-6 mol/L). RESULTS: MDL 12330 A and SQ 22536 accentuated contractions in rings from rats at mid gestation but not at term gestation or at term gestation in labor. LY 83583 inhibited contractions in the rings from all 3 groups. Levcromakalim was equally effective in inhibiting contractions of rings from all 3 groups. MDL 12330 A, but not SQ 22536, decreased sensitivity and maximal inhibition induced by levcromakalim (term gestation greater than mid gestation greater than term gestation in labor). LY 83583 decreased the sensitivity to and maximal inhibition induced by levcromakalim in rings from pregnant rats at mid gestation. NS 1619 attenuated contraction of rings from rats at mid gestation and, to a lesser extent, at term gestation but accentuated contractions in rings from animals at term gestation in labor. MDL 12330 A, but not SQ 22536 or LY 83583, attenuated the changes induced by NS 1619 in rings from all 3 groups. CONCLUSIONS: (1)The influence of nucleotide cyclases on basal uterine contractility depends on gestational age. (2) The inhibition of uterine contractions that results from the opening of calcium-dependent potassium channels depends on adenylate cyclase, whereas that of adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium channels depends on both adenylate and guanylate cyclases. 3. Activation of adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium channels is more efficient than activation of calcium-dependent potassium channels. 4. The inhibition induced by calcium-dependent potassium channel openers, but not adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium channel openers, decreases as pregnancy progresses, and at delivery the activation of spontaneous contractile activity is evident.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-918
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume182
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2000

Keywords

  • Adenosine triphosphate- dependent potassium channel opener
  • Calcium-dependent potassium channel opener
  • Cyclic adenosine monophosphate
  • Cyclic guanosine monophosphate
  • Myometrium
  • Pregnancy
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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