SARS-CoV-2 Induces Cytokine Responses in Human Basophils

Srinivasa Reddy Bonam, Camille Chauvin, Laurine Levillayer, Mano Joseph Mathew, Anavaj Sakuntabhai, Jagadeesh Bayry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Basophils play a key role in the orientation of immune responses. Though the interaction of SARS-CoV-2 with various immune cells has been relatively well studied, the response of basophils to this pandemic virus is not characterized yet. In this study, we report that SARS-CoV-2 induces cytokine responses and in particular IL-13, in both resting and IL-3 primed basophils. The response was prominent under IL-3 primed condition. However, either SARS-CoV-2 or SARS-CoV-2-infected epithelial cells did not alter the expression of surface markers associated with the activation of basophils, such as CD69, CD13 and/or degranulation marker CD107a. We also validate that human basophils are not permissive to SARS-CoV-2 replication. Though increased expression of immune checkpoint molecule PD-L1 has been reported on the basophils from COVID-19 patients, we observed that SARS-CoV-2 does not induce PD-L1 on the basophils. Our data suggest that basophil cytokine responses to SARS-CoV-2 might help in reducing the inflammation and also to promote antibody responses to the virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number838448
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 24 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Caco-2 cells
  • IL-13
  • IL-3
  • IL-4
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • basophils
  • epithelial cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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