Satellite glial cells in sensory ganglia express functional transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 that is sensitized in neuropathic and inflammatory pain

Seung Min Shin, Brandon Itson-Zoske, Yongsong Cai, Chensheng Qiu, Bin Pan, Cheryl L. Stucky, Quinn H. Hogan, Hongwei Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is well documented as an important molecule in pain hypersensitivity following inflammation and nerve injury and in many other cellular biological processes. Here, we show that TRPA1 is expressed not only by sensory neurons of the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) but also in their adjacent satellite glial cells (SGCs), as well as nonmyelinating Schwann cells. TRPA1 immunoreactivity is also detected in various cutaneous structures of sensory neuronal terminals, including small and large caliber cutaneous sensory fibers and endings. The SGC-expressed TRPA1 is functional. Like DRG neurons, dissociated SGCs exhibit a robust response to the TRPA1-selective agonist allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) by an increase of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). These responses are abolished by the TRPA1 antagonist HC030031 and are absent in SGCs and neurons from global TRPA1 null mice. SGCs and neurons harvested from DRG proximal to painful tissue inflammation induced by plantar injection of complete Freund’s adjuvant show greater AITC-evoked elevation of [Ca2+]i and slower recovery compared to sham controls. Similar TRPA1 sensitization occurs in both SGCs and neurons during neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury. Together, these results show that functional TRPA1 is expressed by sensory ganglia SGCs, and TRPA1 function in SGCs is enhanced after both peripheral inflammation and nerve injury, and suggest that TRPA1 in SGCs may contribute to inflammatory and neuropathic pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular pain
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dorsal root ganglia
  • inflammatory pain
  • neuropathic pain
  • primary sensory neurons
  • satellite glial cells
  • Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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