Satisfaction with Medical Rehabilitation after Spinal Cord Injury

Leigh R. Tooth, Kenneth J. Ottenbacher, Pamela M. Smith, Sandra B. Illig, Richard T. Linn, Carl V. Granger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Design. Retrospective. Objective. To predict satisfaction with medical rehabilitation. Summary of Background Data. While spinal cord injury (SCI) patient satisfaction with life and community services has been investigated, satisfaction with medical rehabilitation has not. Methods. Information submitted to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation (1998-2001) by 134 hospitals/rehabilitation facilities in the United States (n = 6,205 patients with SCI) was examined. Predictors were sociodemographic variables, Case Mix Groupings (CMG) (401-505, 5001), length of stay, rehospitalization, follow-up therapy, and health maintenance. Satisfaction was assessed at a mean of 92.2 days (SD 11.9 days) postdischarge. Data were analyzed according to who reported the outcome (patient, n = 3,858 or family/other, n = 1,869). Statistical modeling was conducted using logistic regression. Results. High overall satisfaction was reported (94%). Significant predictors for the patient report data were CMG and rehospitalization. Compared with CMG 5001 (short stay, <3 days), patients in CMGs 401/2/3 and 501/ 2/3/4/5 had a 54% to 74% lower likelihood of being dissatisfied. Rehospitalized patients had a higher likelihood of dissatisfaction (odds ratio 2.3, 95% Confidence interval 1.7 to 3.2). Significant predictors for the family/other report data were CMG (compared to CMG 5001, CMGs 401/2, 403, and 501/2 had a 70% lower likelihood of dissatisfaction), rehospitalization (odds ratio 1.7, 95% confidence interval 1.1-2.5), and marital status (married = 50% lower likelihood of dissatisfaction, 95% Confidence interval 0.26-0.96). Conclusions. Satisfaction with medical rehabilitation services following SCI is related to functional abilities,-rehospitalization, and marital status. Slightly different results were found for whether satisfaction was rated by the patient or family/other. The complex relationships among satisfaction, patient demographics, and functional status require continued examination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalSpine
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2004

Keywords

  • Medical rehabilitation
  • Outcomes
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Tooth, L. R., Ottenbacher, K. J., Smith, P. M., Illig, S. B., Linn, R. T., & Granger, C. V. (2004). Satisfaction with Medical Rehabilitation after Spinal Cord Injury. Spine, 29(2), 211-218. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.BRS.0000107236.74004.31