Background and Purpose-To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Surpass Flow Diverter (Surpass; Stryker Neurovascular, Fremont, CA) in the treatment of large or giant wide-neck intracranial aneurysms at one year, we hypothesize that treatment with Surpass meets or improves on historical safety and efficacy end points. Methods-SCENT trial (Surpass Intracranial Aneurysm Embolization System Pivotal Trial to Treat Large or Giant Wide Neck Aneurysms) is a multicenter, prospective, single-arm, nonrandomized, interventional trial of the Surpass Flow Diverter for uncoilable or previously treated but failed aneurysms of the intracranial internal carotid artery extending from the petrous segment to the carotid terminus at its bifurcation into anterior and middle cerebral arteries. For enrollment in SCENT, target aneurysms had to be wide-neck (≥4 mm) and large or giant size (≥10 mm). Study results are compared with performance goals derived from a thorough review of the medical literature. The primary effectiveness end point included 3 components: complete aneurysm occlusion, absence of significant parent artery stenosis (≥50%), and no retreatment at 12 months. The primary safety end point was major ipsilateral stroke (increase in National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of ≥4) or neurological death within 12 months. Results-At 26 medical centers, 180 patients with 180 target aneurysms were enrolled in the modified intention-to-treat cohort. Per angiographic core lab assessment, there were 15 (8.3%) fusiform, 164 (91.1%) saccular aneurysms, and 1 (0.6%) blister aneurysm. Mean aneurysm size was 12.0 mm. Thirteen (7.4%) aneurysms were giant (≥25 mm). Fifty-eight (32.2%) aneurysms were located in the supraclinoid and distal (including posterior communicating artery) segments of the internal carotid artery. Mean procedure duration was 53.6 minutes. The device was successfully implanted in 97.8% of patients with a mean of 1.1 devices per patient. SCENT met both primary safety and effectiveness end points: 12-month primary effectiveness rate was 62.8% [(113/180); 95% CI, 55.3-69.9] and 12-month major ipsilateral stroke or neurological death rate was 8.3% [(15/180); 95% CI, 4.7-13.4]. Conclusions-Surpass provides safe and effective flow diversion of large or giant, wide-neck, intracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms. Clinical Trial Registration-URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01716117.
- cerebrovascular disorders
- endovascular procedures
- intracranial aneurysm
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing