School-based human papillomavirus vaccination program for increasing vaccine uptake in an underserved area in Texas

Sapna Kaul, Thuy Quynh N. Do, Enshuo Hsu, Kathleen M. Schmeler, Jane R. Montealegre, Ana M. Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: Compare the effectiveness of community-based HPV-related education and onsite school-based vaccination versus community-based education only for increasing HPV vaccine uptake in a rural, medically underserved area. Methods: Our cohort included 2307 Rio Grande City Consolidated Independent School District (RGCISD) middle school students from 3 schools enrolled in August 2016 and followed until April 2018. Using a quasi-experimental design, this study implemented an onsite school-based vaccination program and physician-led education on HPV and HPV vaccines for parents/guardians, school nurses/staff, and pediatric/family providers in the surrounding community (15-mile radius of RGCCISD) at 1 middle school (“intervention school”), and education-only for the remaining 2 schools (“comparison schools”). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HPV-related educational materials supplemented the education. HPV vaccine status was obtained from school immunization records and the project's contracted vaccine vendor. HPV vaccine initiation and completion rates were compared pre and post intervention and between the intervention and comparison schools. Logistic regression was used to compare the odds of newly initiating/completing vaccination between the intervention and comparison schools. Results: At baseline, the intervention school had lower HPV vaccine initiation and completion rates than the comparison schools (20.00% and 8.70% vs 28.97% and 14.56%). Post intervention, the intervention school had higher initiation and completion rates than the comparison schools (53.67% and 28.36% vs 41.56% and 20.53%). Students from the intervention school were over 3.6-times more likely to newly initiate/complete the HPV vaccinations than students from the comparison schools. Conclusion: The school with on-site vaccination events and community-based education had a higher adolescent HPV vaccination rate compared to schools that received community-based education only.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100189
JournalPapillomavirus Research
StatePublished - Dec 2019



  • Adolescents
  • HPV vaccine
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Middle schools
  • School-based vaccination program
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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