Seizure disorders in burned children: A retrospective review

G. J. Mukhdomi, M. H. Desai, D. N. Herndon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review shows that hyponatremia is the most common cause of burn seizures in children, followed by a history of epilepsy, hypoxia, sepsis with high fever, unknown aetiology and drug toxicity or sudden drug withdrawal. This study also shows that burn seizure is most common in younger children and is related to size and degree of burn. We recommend close monitoring of metabolism, haemodynamics, arterial blood gases, wound and blood cultures, and levels of abnormalities in serum electrolytes, glucose, Ca, P and Mg. Prompt corrections of any problems in these areas can be vital. Invasive procedures for the dignosis of seizures, including lumbar puncture and EEG, should be reserved for infrequent non-responding cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-319
Number of pages4
JournalBurns
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Mukhdomi, G. J., Desai, M. H., & Herndon, D. N. (1996). Seizure disorders in burned children: A retrospective review. Burns, 22(4), 316-319. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(95)00013-5