This review shows that hyponatremia is the most common cause of burn seizures in children, followed by a history of epilepsy, hypoxia, sepsis with high fever, unknown aetiology and drug toxicity or sudden drug withdrawal. This study also shows that burn seizure is most common in younger children and is related to size and degree of burn. We recommend close monitoring of metabolism, haemodynamics, arterial blood gases, wound and blood cultures, and levels of abnormalities in serum electrolytes, glucose, Ca, P and Mg. Prompt corrections of any problems in these areas can be vital. Invasive procedures for the dignosis of seizures, including lumbar puncture and EEG, should be reserved for infrequent non-responding cases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine