Selection of optimal host strain for molecular pathogenesis studies on Cryptococcus gattii

Sudha Chaturvedi, Ping Ren, Srinivas D. Narasipura, Vishnu Chaturvedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Encapsulated yeast, Cryptococcus gattii (Cg) is a primary and emerging fungal pathogen in North America. It has a predilection for invading the central nervous system of both healthy and immunocompromised humans and animals. Recently, we initiated molecular pathogenesis studies in Cg strain NIH444 (ATCC 32609). In this report, we compared the biology and pathogenic potential of NIH444 to those of WM276, an Australian environmental isolate that is being used for the whole genome-sequencing project. Our data indicated that NIH444 is comparatively more virulent in a mouse model of cryptococcosis than is WM 276. We found robust mating of NIH444, and no mating of WM276, when tested against Cg MAT a strain, NIH198. WM276 but not NIH444 was defective in filamentation and sporulation (haploid fruiting). Interestingly, NIH444 has a VGII/AFLP6 genotype similar to that of the genotype of the recent outbreak strains from Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. Additionally, comparisons of nucleotide sequences of various genes also showed differences between NIH444 and WM276. Based on these observations, we conclude that NIH444 should remain the strain of choice for understanding Cg pathogenesis, especially on the North American continent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-215
Number of pages9
JournalMycopathologia
Volume160
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cryptococcus gattii
  • Host strain
  • Molecular biology
  • Pathogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)

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