Selective survival, aging and society

Kyriakos Markides, Richard Machalek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of selective survival to advanced ages is introduced and discussed in relation to the black/white mortality "crossover" in the United States. Crossover refers to the phenomenon wherein black mortality rates become lower than white mortality rates after approximately age 75. This reversal of mortality rates between advantaged and disadvantaged populations also occurs between Native Americans and whites. Such crossovers have significant implications for explaining differences in patterns of aging across populations. We argue that higher rates of selective survival in disadvantaged, high mortality populations result in a greater proportion of healthy, very old people who may require less nursing-home care, who have low suicide rates, and who enjoy higher status in the family and community. Differences between populations with regard to selective survival imply that chronological age alone is not always a useful measure of aging and old age. Finally, we identify further lines of inquiry about selective survival and its effects on aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-222
Number of pages16
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984

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mortality
Survival
Mortality
Vulnerable Populations
Population
suicide rate
North American Indians
Home Care Services
Nursing Care
nursing home
Nursing Homes
old age
home care
Suicide
Survival Rate
Society
community

Keywords

  • cross-cultural aspects
  • longevity
  • minority populations
  • mortality
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Selective survival, aging and society. / Markides, Kyriakos; Machalek, Richard.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1984, p. 207-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Markides, Kyriakos ; Machalek, Richard. / Selective survival, aging and society. In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 1984 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 207-222.
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